National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): Hakim, Simon
The aim of this data collection was to gauge the impact of legalized casino gambling on the level and spatial distribution of crime in the Atlantic City region by comparing crime rates before and after the introduction of this type of gambling in the area. Data for the years 1972 through 1984 were collected from various New Jersey state publications for 64 localities and include information on population size and density, population characteristics of race, age, per capita income, education and home ownership, real estate values, number of police employees and police expenditures, total city expenditure, and number of burglaries, larcenies, robberies and vehicle thefts. Spatial variables include population attributes standardized by land area in square miles, and measures of accessibility, location, and distance from Atlantic City. For the 1970/1980 data file, additional variables pertaining to population characteristics were created from census data to match economic and crime attributes found in the 1972-1984 data. Data on eight additional locations are available in the 1970/1980 file.
These data are freely available.
Hakim, Simon. Impact of Casino Gambling on Crime in the Atlantic City Region, 1970-1984. ICPSR09237-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1989. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09237.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09237.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-P394)
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Universe: Cities and towns in Atlantic County, Cape May County, and Ocean County in New Jersey.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Sample: All cities and towns in Atlantic, Cape May, and Ocean counties in New Jersey (72 localities) for which 1970 and 1980 census data were available.
(1) NEW JERSEY UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS, 1970-1984, (2) STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS OF NEW JERSEY COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES (annual reports), 1970-1984, (3) MANPOWER STATISTICS AND ANALYSIS, (4) CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1970 AND 1980, and (4) TIME AND DISTANCE MATRICES, a New Jersey Department of Transportation publication
Original ICPSR Release: 1989-09-26
- 2006-01-18 File CB9237.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- Citations exports are provided above.
Export Study-level metadata (does not include variable-level metadata)
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.