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International and National Data on the European System (INDES), 1945-1980 (ICPSR 9115)

Principal Investigator(s):


This collection offers data on economic, political and military aspects of social processes within and between nations belonging to the European nations-system since World War II. Two separate files are available: the National File contains data on 48 national characteristics of social processes within nations, and the International File contains data on four international characteristics of social processes between nations. Variables in both files have been measured at five-year intervals beginning in 1945 and ending in 1980. Variables in the National File include population of the country, total land area of the country, imports/exports, defense expenditures, energy production, agricultural production, manufacturing, transportation, and military personnel and equipment. The International File supplies information on exports and on cooperative and conflictual actions.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  International Data - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS2:  National Data - Download All Files (0.2 MB)

Study Description


Faber, Jan, and Ronald Groenink. International and National Data on the European System (INDES), 1945-1980. ICPSR09115-v2. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Steinmetz Archive/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 1989. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09115.v2

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (122-025--001, and 122-025--006)
  • Netherlands Foundation for Research Into Politics and Public Administration

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   agricultural production, energy production, exports, foreign relations, imports, military expenditures, populations, social indicators, social structure, transportation

Geographic Coverage:   Europe

Time Period:  

  • 1945--1980

Universe:   Twenty-seven interacting European nations and the rest of the world.

Data Types:   aggregate data


Data Source:

Azar, Edward E. CONFLICT AND PEACE DATABANK (COPDAB), 1948-1978: DAILY EVENTS FILE (ICPSR 7767), and various publications of the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2010-01-08 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection. Data files renamed to reflect appropriate dataset.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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