National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Effectiveness of Client Specific Planning as an Alternative Sentence, 1981-1982: Washington, DC, and Fairfax, Montgomery, and Prince George Counties (ICPSR 8943)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection was designed to evaluate the Client Specific Planning (CSP) program of the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA). The CSP program offers non-incarcerative sentencing options and alternatives prepared for judges and presented by an NCIA caseworker. The study measures the impact of the program on sentence length, sentence severity, the effectiveness of the program at diverting serious felony offenders from incarceration, and the rate, type, seriousness, and timing of recidivism in a 24-month post-sentence risk period. Variables are provided for each defendant on demographic characteristics, criminal history, prior counseling experiences, prior incarceration, charges and dispositions of the recidivist arrests, and types of sentencing alternatives recommended in CSP.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • These data are available to the general public.


Dataset - Download All Files (0.8 MB)

Study Description


Clements, William H. EFFECTIVENESS OF CLIENT SPECIFIC PLANNING AS AN ALTERNATIVE SENTENCE, 1981-1982: WASHINGTON, DC, AND FAIRFAX, MONTGOMERY, AND PRINCE GEORGE COUNTIES. Newark, DE: William H. Clements [producer], 1987. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1988.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0047)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   alternatives to institutionalization, criminal histories, demographic characteristics, felony offenses, judges, offenders, program evaluation, recidivism, sentencing

Geographic Coverage:   District of Columbia, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1981-10-01--1982-09-30

Date of Collection:  

  • 1985--1986

Data Types:   event/transaction data


Data Source:

official court and police records


Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications (?)


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Report a problem