National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Recidivism Among Released Prisoners, 1983: [United States] (ICPSR 8875)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection provides comprehensive criminal history data on prisoners released from custody in 1983. Precise estimates are supplied on recidivism among prisoners of all ages with all types of postrelease supervision. Data cover recidivism both within and outside the states in which the prisoners were released. Variables include sociodemographic indices, type of sentence, length of sentence, offense, court action, and date of court action.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

  • These data are available to the general public.


No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Recidivism Among Released Prisoners, 1983: [United States] . ICPSR08875-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   criminal histories, ex-offenders, offenders, postrelease programs, recidivism

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1983

Date of Collection:  

  • 1986-06--1988-04

Universe:   Prisoners released from prisons in California, Florida, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, and Texas in 1983.

Data Types:   survey data, and event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

This dataset has five groups of data at two levels. The first level (group 1, with 16,355 records and 71 variables) is an Identification and Corrections record, containing information about the individual offender. The second level (groups 2 through 5) consists of combinations of records that contain information about the offender based on one or more "cycles" or "events." Cycles consist of information on arrest (group 2, with 126,620 records and 59 variables), judicial (group 3, with 84,741 records and 123 variables), and custody or other post-sentencing information (group 4, with 35,337 records and 149 variables), and may not have all three segments, depending on the completeness of the information available from individual states. Events (group 5, with 36,844 records and 144 variables) represent unique transactions and consist of arrest, entry to jail or prison, military, or other non-criminal information. Cycles and events may be logically related, and they are ordered chronologically, from earliest arrest to the most recent.


Sample:   Systematic stratified sample.

Data Source:

automated and non-automated criminal history files

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
  • 2004-09-14 The SPSS data definition statements were added.

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