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American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1986 (ICPSR 8712)
Principal Investigator(s): Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
This data collection offers information on the opinions and attitudes of the general public and a select group of elites, or opinion leaders, on matters relating to foreign policy. The primary objectives of this study were to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision makers must operate and to compare the attitudes of the general public with those of opinion leaders. For the purposes of this study, "opinion leaders" are defined as those who are in positions of leadership in government, academia, business and labor, the media, religious institutions, special interest groups, and private foreign policy organizations. Variables in the general public cross-section file and the elite file include opinions on specific foreign policy problems, economic and military aid to other countries, the role of the United States in foreign affairs, use of United States troops in other parts of the world, a nuclear freeze, the proposed Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars"), and terrorism. Demographic characteristics such as age, sex, race, income, marital status, and educational achievement are also supplied in the cross-section file, along with feeling thermometers which probe for the respondent's attitudes toward various foreign countries and toward well-known political figures. A follow-up survey of the general public was also undertaken to identify changes in attitudes that might have occurred in the aftermath of the Iran/Contra affair. This follow-up file contains a limited set of pertinent variables from the original general public cross-section study.
Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.
Chicago Council on Foreign Relations. American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1986. ICPSR08712-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1987. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08712.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08712.v1
This study was funded by:
- Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: arms race, foreign affairs, foreign aid, foreign policy, international relations, leadership, military intervention, national elites, national interests, policy making, public approval, public opinion, terrorism
Geographic Coverage: United States
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The design of the survey was developed by the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations and a group of professional consultants working together with the Gallup Organization. Data were collected by the Gallup Organization.
Sample: File 1: national probability sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian population, aged 18 and older. File 2: selected opinion leaders from the Reagan administration, the House of Representatives, the Senate, business, labor, media, education, religious organizations, special interest groups, and private foreign policy organizations. File 3: national probability sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian population, aged 18 and older.
personal interviews, and telephone interviews
Original ICPSR Release: 1987-10-12
- 2006-01-18 File CB8712.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
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