National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Employment Services for Ex-Offenders, 1981-1984: Boston, Chicago, and San Diego (ICPSR 8619)

Principal Investigator(s):


This study was conducted to test whether job counseling and placement services, accompanied by intensive follow-up after placement, would significantly increase the effectiveness of employment programs for individuals recently released from prison. Data were collected on personal, criminal, and employment backgrounds, including the type, duration, and pay of previous employment, living arrangements, marital status, criminal history, and characteristics of the employment placement.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • These data are available to the general public.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Boston Data - Download All Files (5.9 MB)
DS2:  Chicago Data - Download All Files (6 MB)
DS3:  San Diego Data - Download All Files (5.9 MB)

Study Description


Milkman, Raymond H. Employment Services for Ex-Offenders, 1981-1984: Boston, Chicago, and San Diego. ICPSR08619-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (80-IJ-CX-KO13)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   correctional facilities, crime, crime prevention, criminal justice system, employment, living conditions, sentencing

Geographic Coverage:   Boston, California, Chicago, Illinois, Massachusetts, San Diego, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1981--1984

Date of Collection:  

  • 1981--1984

Universe:   Offenders released from federal, state, or local adult correctional facilities in Massachusetts, California, and Illinois.

Data Types:   event/transaction data, survey data


Sample:   Random sample.

Data Source:

official criminal justice agency records, and self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB8619.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2001-03-15 A PDF codebook is now available for this collection.

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