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Behavioral Correlates of War, 1816-1979 (ICPSR 8606)

Principal Investigator(s): Leng, Russell J.

Summary:

The behavior of various states involved in 45 interstate crises over the past 164 years is the focus of this data collection. More specifically, these data follow the attempts of these states to influence others and the responses generated over the course of the crises. The sample reflects a broad historical range of crises and includes those that involve war as well as those that do not. Each data file contains information on a crisis or set of crises. Within each data file the cases represent actions taken during the crisis period. The data allow for a micro level of analysis with measures that distinguish a wide range of cooperative and conflictive interstate actions. In addition, measures are included that are sensitive to the mix of different behaviors and that record the tempo of the action within given time intervals. There are two computer programs provided with this data collection. Part 32, the Crisis Program, allows for the counting and scaling of events. Part 43, the Demand Program, searches for demands, and describes and categorizes actions resulting from the demands.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Pastry.dat (Pastry War) - Download All Files (16.503 MB)
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DS2:  Schles.dat (2nd Schleswig-Holstein War) - Download All Files (16.511 MB)
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DS3:  Rustrk.dat (Russo-Turkish War and Britain-Russian Crisis) - Download All Files (16.602 MB)
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DS4:  Brprt.dat (British-Portugal Crisis) - Download All Files (16.488 MB)
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DS5:  Spam.dat (Spanish-American War) - Download All Files (16.537 MB)
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DS6:  Fashod.dat (Fashoda Crisis) - Download All Files (16.496 MB)
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DS7:  1stmor.dat (1st Moroccan Crisis) - Download All Files (16.53 MB)
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DS8:  Cenam.dat (2nd Central American War) - Download All Files (16.502 MB)
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DS9:  Bosnia.dat (Bosnia Crisis) - Download All Files (16.594 MB)
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DS10:  2ndmor.dat (2nd Moroccan Crisis) - Download All Files (16.507 MB)
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DS11:  Balkan.dat (1st and 2nd Balkan Wars) - Download All Files (16.599 MB)
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DS12:  Preww1.dat (Pre-World War I) - Download All Files (16.515 MB)
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DS13:  Teshen.dat (Teschen Crisis) - Download All Files (16.492 MB)
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DS14:  Chaco.dat (Chaco Dispute) - Download All Files (16.597 MB)
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DS15:  Italet.dat (Italian-Ethiopian War) - Download All Files (16.619 MB)
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DS16:  Rhine.dat (Rhineland Crisis) - Download All Files (16.543 MB)
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DS17:  Anschl.dat (Anschluss Crisis) - Download All Files (16.504 MB)
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DS18:  Munich.dat (Munich Crisis) - Download All Files (16.539 MB)
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DS19:  Pollit.dat (Polish-Lithuanian Crisis) - Download All Files (16.486 MB)
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DS20:  Preww2.dat (Pre-World War II and Italian-French Crisis) - Download All Files (16.544 MB)
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DS21:  Kash1.dat (1st Kashmir War) - Download All Files (16.551 MB)
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DS22:  Palest.dat (Palestine War) - Download All Files (16.584 MB)
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DS23:  Berair.dat (Berlin Blockade) - Download All Files (16.536 MB)
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DS24:  Triest.dat (Trieste Crisis) - Download All Files (16.565 MB)
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DS25:  Suez.dat (Suez Crisis) - Download All Files (16.673 MB)
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DS26:  Berwal.dat (Berlin Wall Crisis) - Download All Files (16.513 MB)
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DS27:  Cuban.dat (Cuban Missile Crisis) - Download All Files (16.536 MB)
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DS28:  Cyprus.dat (Cyprus Crisis) - Download All Files (16.63 MB)
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DS29:  Kash2.dat (2nd Kashmir War and Rann of Kutch) - Download All Files (16.516 MB)
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DS30:  Sixday.dat (Six-Day War) - Download All Files (16.598 MB)
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DS31:  Bangla.dat (Bangladesh War) - Download All Files (16.534 MB)
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DS32:  Crisis.pas (Crisis Program) - Download All Files (16.622 MB)
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DS33:  Both.sco (Categorization and Weighting Scheme) - Download All Files (16.48 MB)
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DS34:  Crimean.dat (Crimean War) - Download All Files (16.568 MB)
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DS35:  Manchu.dat (Manchurian Conflict) - Download All Files (16.519 MB)
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DS36:  Hondur.dat (Honduran Border Crisis) - Download All Files (16.485 MB)
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DS37:  Sinind.dat (Sino-Indian Crisis) - Download All Files (16.501 MB)
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DS38:  Bizerte.dat (Bizerte Crisis) - Download All Files (16.492 MB)
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DS39:  Yomkip.dat (Yom Kippur War) - Download All Files (16.586 MB)
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DS40:  Codwar.dat (Cod War) - Download All Files (16.496 MB)
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DS41:  Beagle.dat (Beagle Channel Dispute) - Download All Files (16.492 MB)
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DS42:  Chinam.dat (China-Vietnam War) - Download All Files (16.503 MB)
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DS43:  Demand.pas (Analyzing Influence Attempt-Response Sequences) - Download All Files (16.65 MB)
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DS44:  Demand.list (Category Lists Accompanying Demand.pas) - Download All Files (16.48 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Leng, Russell J. BEHAVIORAL CORRELATES OF WAR, 1816-1979. 3rd ICPSR release. Middlebury, VT: Middlebury College [producer], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08606.v3

Persistent URL:

3

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-8818927 and SES-9025130)

Scope of Study

Geographic Coverage:   Global

Time Period:  

  • 1816--1979

Date of Collection:  

  • 1974--1991

Universe:   Identified population of interstate crises, 1816-1980.

Data Types:   event/transaction data, and program source code

Data Collection Notes:

Part 32 is the Crisis Program, an interactive program written in VAX-11 PASCAL, which contains subroutines for counting and scaling actions. This program was written for use on a Digital VAX mini-computer. Part 33 is a categorization and weight scheme used by the Crisis Program. This scheme is necessary to run the Crisis Program. This scheme may be modified by users to their own specifications. It also should be noted that in order to use the Crisis Program, the names of the crisis files and of the categorization/weight scheme file MUST match the part names provided below, excluding the sections in parentheses. Part 43, the Demand Program, searches the selected data file for a demand directed by one state on another and describes any inducements that accompany the demand. It also then searches, describes, and categorizes any actions resulting from these demands. Part 44 is a listing of categories that must accompany Part 43.

Methodology

Sample:   Stratified sample of interstate crises.

Data Source:

newspaper accounts (primarily THE NEW YORK TIMES), English and foreign language accounts by diplomatic historians, and prepared chronologies

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 45 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 45 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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