National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1984-1985 (ICPSR 8495)
Alternate Title: Census of Children in Custody (CIC), 1985
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This survey is the eighth in a series of data collection efforts aimed at providing information on the number and type of juveniles placed in state and local residential facilities for juvenile offenders. Six types of public and private facilities are covered: (1) detention centers, (2) shelters, (3) reception or diagnostic centers, (4) training schools, (5) ranches, forestry camps, and farms, and (6) halfway houses and group homes. Survey items include facility capacity, number of full-time and part-time staff, number of admissions and discharges, average quarterly population, and expenditures by the facility. Data for facility residents include age, sex, and average length of stay.
These data are freely available.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Juvenile Detention and Correctional Facility Census, 1984-1985. ICPSR08495-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-01-11. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08495.v5
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08495.v5
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: census data, correctional facilities, criminal justice system, expenditures, government agencies, juvenile delinquency, personnel work, population, public expenditures
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: facilities
Universe: Juveniles in public and private juvenile detention, correctional, and shelter facilities in operation in the United States on February 1, 1985.
Data Types: survey data
Sample: Public and private juvenile facilities in operation in the United States on February 1, 1985, were included in the census if they housed three or more residents, if at least 50 percent of the residents were juveniles, and if accused or adjudicated delinquents and status offenders represented at least 1 percent of their average daily population. In California, however, all California Youth Authority facilities were included in the census. Juvenile facilities operated as part of adult jails were excluded, as were nonresidential facilities, facilities exclusively for drug or alcohol abusers or nonoffenders, and federal juvenile correctional facilities.
mailed questionnaires, and personal interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1987-01-12
- 2011-01-11 The data were changed to be consistent across years.
- 2009-02-06 This study has been updated with the full suite of data formats and the codebook has been modified as well.
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