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ANES Time Series Cumulative Data File (1948-2012) (ICPSR 8475)
Alternate Title: American National Election Studies (ANES) Time Series Cumulative Data File, 1948-2012
Principal Investigator(s): American National Election Studies; Stanford University
This collection pools common variables from each of the biennial National Election Studies conducted since 1948 up until 2012. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The data provided in this cumulative file include a series of demographic variables and measures of social structure, partisanship, candidate evaluation, retrospective and incumbent presidential evaluation, public opinion, ideological support for the political system, mass media usage, and egalitarianism and post-materialism. Additional items provide measures of political activity, participation, and involvement, and voting behavior and registration, including results of voter validation efforts.
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American National Election Studies, and Stanford University. ANES Time Series Cumulative Data File (1948-2012). ICPSR08475-v15. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-10-23. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08475.v15
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08475.v15
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379, SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: Bush Administration (1989-1993), Bush Administration (George W., 2001-2009), candidates, Clinton Administration (1993-2001), congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, Eisenhower Administration (1953-1961), Ford Administration (1974-1977), foreign policy, government performance, information sources, Johnson Administration (1963-1969), Kennedy Administration (1961-1963), media use, national elections, Nixon Administration (1969-1974), Obama Administration (2009- ), political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political history, political issues, political participation, presidential administrations, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, public policy, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), social networks, social values, special interest groups, Truman Administration (1945-1953), trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior
Smallest Geographic Unit: congressional district
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: Individual
Universe: Cases from the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDIES (ANES) SERIES.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
This file contains only a subset of the variables from the entire American National Election Studies (ANES) Series. Variables selected for inclusion were those most central to the research program of the election studies and which appeared in at least three of the surveys. Variables have been recoded to be consistent across the time span.
Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for further information pertaining to the labeling scheme for variables throughout this collection.
Please refer to the American National Election Studies (ANES) Time Series Cumulative Data File Study Page, as well as the American National Election Studies Web site for more information concerning the American National Election (ANES) Studies Series.
Study Purpose: Variables throughout the Time Series Cumulative Data File incorporate data for the same question from each of the ANES surveys. This file is useful in service to three kinds of analysis: (1) analysis that focuses on over time change in citizens, in their individual characteristics, in the opinions they hold, and in their political behavior; (2) analysis that looks at subgroups of citizens that are represented by few cases in a single cross-section sample, but by many more cases when several samples are combined; and (3) analysis that is concerned with replicating results over several elections. For these types of analyses, the chief advantage of relying on the Time Series Cumulative Data File, as opposed to personally combining data from several National Election Studies, is that in constructing the Time Series Cumulative Data File, the ANES Project Staff have already gone through the trouble of recoding variables so that the same question has the same variable number and the same coding scheme for each of the Election Studies.
Sample: Cross-section cases from the time-series election studies have been pooled to produce this dataset. For further information on sampling, please refer to the individual time series studies in the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDIES (ANES) SERIES housed at ICPSR, the Original P.I. Documentation found in the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the American National Election Studies Web site for more information.
Time Method: Time Series
Weight: The data are not weighted. This collection contains nine weight variables; VCF0009X, VCF0010X, VCF0011X, VCF0009Y, VCF0010Y, VCF0011Y, VCF0009Z, VCF0010Z, and VCF0011Z that must be used in any analysis. For more information on weights and sampling please see the Original P.I. Documentation within the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the American National Election Studies Web site for more information.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, web-based survey
Data files from the American National Election Studies (ANES) Series.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1986-04-28
- 2015-10-23 Data for 2012 have been added, and is available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, as well as available in SAS transport, SPSS, R, and Stata data file formats.
- 2011-12-05 Data for 2008 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata data file formats. The codebook is now available as a PDF file.
- 2007-09-25 Data for 2004 have been added. The number of variables has increased from 750 to 950. The codebook is now available as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.
- 2004-12-08 Data for 2002 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata data file formats. The codebook is now available as a PDF file.
- 2002-05-31 Data for 2000 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII, SAS transport, and SPSS portable file formats. The number of variables has increased from 635 to 752. The codebook is now available as a PDF file.
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