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Presidential Appointees, 1964-1984 (ICPSR 8458)

Principal Investigator(s):


This collection provides information on the personal and career backgrounds of Senate-confirmed presidential appointees over the last twenty years. The data were gathered in order to assess the attitudes of appointees toward their government service and to evaluate the quality of appointees and reasons for short tenure in government service. The variables measured were designed to investigate the educational and occupational histories of appointees, tenure in appointed positions, and the experiences and attitudes of appointees in the following areas: conflict of interest laws, financial disclosure, financial sacrifice, family adjustment problems, selection process, Senate confirmation process, preparation and orientation for the job, relations with the bureaucracy, Congress, and White House, frustrations and satisfactions with the job, and employment after their most recent position as a full-time presidential appointee.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Biographical Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
DS2:  Survey Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)

Study Description


Mackenzie, G. Calvin, and Paul Light. PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTEES, 1964-1984. Washington, DC: National Academy of Public Administration [producer], 1985. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1987. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08458.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   biographical data, Cabinet appointments, career history, confirmation hearings, government, job satisfaction, political elites

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1964-11--1984-12

Date of Collection:  

  • 1985

Universe:   All Presidential appointees to full-time positions which required Senate confirmation from November, 1964 through December, 1984

Data Types:   aggregate data, and survey data


Data Source:

published sources, U.S. government agency records, and personal mail survey

Restrictions: Part 1 of the collection, the biographical file, is available without restriction. In order to preserve confidentiality of respondents, access to nine variables in Part 2, the survey file, is possible only by contacting ICPSR directly. The names of these nine variables are: year confirmed to position, month confirmed to position, year departed from position, month departed from position, year of birth, sex, race, geographic location of principal place of employment, and senate committee with jurisdiction over appointment.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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