This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).
Old Age in the United States, 1900 (ICPSR 8428)
Principal Investigator(s): Jensen, Richard; Smith, Daniel Scott; Friedberger, Mark W.; Dahlin, Michel R.; Reiff, Janice
This data collection describes the social conditions of the older population of the United States at the turn of the century. Detailed information, extracted from the 1900 United States Census manuscript schedules, is provided on household composition and family structure for each sampled older person. Ecological characteristics of the county of residence, e.g., the percentage of the county's population that is foreign born, are provided for most sampled older persons. In addition, occupational and ethnic characteristics of family heads appearing on the same sampled census page as the older person (on census pages grouped by street location) are reported.
These data are freely available.
WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.
Jensen, Richard, Daniel Scott Smith, Mark W. Friedberger, Michel R. Dahlin, and Janice Reiff. Old Age in the United States, 1900. ICPSR08428-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08428.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08428.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (AG00350-02)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: aging, aging population, census data, demographic characteristics, families, family structure, household composition, occupations, older adults, social environment, social life
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 55 and older in 1900.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Age distribution: 55-64 (N is 2,002), 65-74 (N is 2,203), 75-84 (N is 690), 85 and older (N is 108). The values for the weighting variable "Weighting Factor II" are incorrect. The SPSS statements that will correctly weight the sample are given in the codebook.
Sample: Stratified sample of 56 counties (excluding cities with populations of 25,000 or more) and 44 urban Primary Sampling Units (PSUs). Cities with populations over 25,000 were triple-sampled. Sample members were drawn from clusters defined by manuscript census pages.
manuscript census schedules from the United States Census for 1900
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1985-12-20
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