National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): Lizotte, Alan J., Rutgers University
This data collection provides information on crime on 150 selected college campuses and cities in the United States in the period 1978-1979. The collection covers violent crime and property crime on campus and in cities, and the number and sex of police officers assigned to campus duty and in cities. Aggregate socioeconomic information for campuses includes the amount of financial aid received, while information for cities includes the percentage of residents who were unemployed or below poverty level, female labor force participation, and household activity ratio. Campus demographic variables itemize the percentage of males and females residing on campus, percentage of Blacks attending school, number of foreign students, student-faculty ratio, total number of students on campus, students per acre, and students per 1,000 city residents. Aggregate demographic variables for cities are provided on total population, percentage of residents aged 15-19 or 20-24 years old, total number of households, number of single mother-headed households, and percentage of Blacks in the city.
These data are freely available.
Lizotte, Alan J. Crime on Campus, 1978-1979: A Survey of 150 College Campuses and Cities . ICPSR08381-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08381.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08381.v1
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: cities, colleges, crime rates, demographic characteristics, higher education, nonviolent crime, police officers, police protection, population characteristics, property crimes, school enrollments, universities, violent crime
Geographic Coverage: United States
Universe: All college campuses in the United States.
Data Types: aggregate data
Sample: The data consist of an initial sample of 150 college campuses and cities that reported their crime rates to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports in 1978.
Crime rates and police strength for both cities and campuses were collected from the 1978 Uniform Crime Reporting data. Other campus variables were collected from three sources: (1) Cass, James, and Max Birnbaum. COMPARATIVE GUIDE TO AMERICAN COLLEGES: FOR STUDENTS, PARENTS, AND COUNSELORS. New York, NY: Harper and Row, 1979, (2) BARRON'S PROFILES OF AMERICAN COLLEGES, AN IN-DEPTH STUDY: SUNY AT OSWEGO. Woodbury, NY: Barron's Educational Series, 1978, and (3) THE COLLEGE BLUEBOOK (seventh edition). The variable "Percent Black on Campus" was obtained from the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Office for Civil Rights. RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND SEX ENROLLMENT DATA FROM INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, FALL 1978. Washington, DC: OCR, 1981. For universities reporting incomplete information on campus variables, other editions of these publications were consulted. These editions include: THE COLLEGE HANDBOOK, 1981-1982 (nineteenth edition), PETERSON'S ANNUAL GUIDE TO UNDERGRADUATE STUDY DATA, and Cass, James, and Max Birnbaum. COMPARATIVE GUIDE TO AMERICAN COLLEGES; GENERAL EDITION FOR STUDENTS AND PARENTS. New York, NY: Harper and Row, 1973, (sixth edition). City statistics were obtained from the 1980 United States Census except for unemployment rates, which were obtained from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS, UNITED STATES, 1909-78. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1979, and United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. STATE AND METROPOLITAN AREA DATA BOOK, 1979: A STATISTICAL ABSTRACT SUPPLEMENT\; REGIONS, DIVISIONS, STATES, METROPOLITAN AREAS (SMSA'S), SMSA'S BY POPULATION SIZE CLASS. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1980.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1985-10-09
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 2000-09-18 The SPSS data definition statements were updated and SAS data definition statements were created for this collection. Missing data codes were standardized by ICPSR and the data were reformatted. A revised codebook, including a data completeness report, was created for the reformatted data file, and original hardcopy documentation from the principal investigator was converted to Portable Document Format (PDF).
- Citations exports are provided above.
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