National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Judicial Decision Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment, 1981-1982 (ICPSR 8358)
Principal Investigator(s): Goldkamp, John S.; Gottfredson, Michael R.
The purpose of this study was to test the utility of draft guidelines in informing judicial decisions about bail. A sample of judges, based upon a stratified quota sampling design, was selected from the Philadephia Municipal Court to rule on sample cases. Eight judges were randomly selected to use guidelines and be "experimental judges," and eight others were randomly selected to be nonguideline or "control judges." Data for the sample cases were taken from defendants' files. Variables provided in this collection include number of suspects involved, number of different offenses charged, most serious injury experienced by the victim(s), preliminary arraignment disposition, amount of bail, socioeconomic status and demographics of the defendant, prior criminal history of the defendant, and reason for granting or denying bail.
One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.
These data are freely available.
Goldkamp, John S., and Michael R. Gottfredson. Judicial Decision Guidelines for Bail: The Philadelphia Experiment, 1981-1982. ICPSR08358-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1985. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08358.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08358.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJR-0027)
- United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons. National Institute of Corrections (OJ-ARS-84-M-105)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: bail, criminal justice system, decision making, judges, judicial decisions, offenses, pretrial procedures
Geographic Coverage: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Philadelphia Municipal Court judges during 1981-1982.
Data Types: administrative records data
Sample: Court records of 16 judges.
Philadelphia Municipal Court records
Original ICPSR Release: 1985-05-24
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