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Food Service Delivery Systems Used in Providing Nutrition Services to the Elderly (ICPSR 8347)

Principal Investigator(s): Kirschner Associates, Inc.


This data collection contains information gathered from January through April 1981 on nutrition projects serving the elderly in the United States. The sample represents nutrition projects funded through Title IIIC of the Older Americans Act of 1965. This sample, which was stratified according to the rural or urban character of the project and its predominant delivery system (a total of 10 categories), represented approximately 10 percent of all nutrition projects in operation at the time. The specific objectives of the study were (1) to develop reliable descriptive information with respect to cost, nutritional quality, and microbiological content of the meals, (2) to analyze cost, nutritional, microbiological, and environmental data, in order to determine the range of costs and the factors that influenced total cost per meal, costs of various elements of nutrition service (e.g., labor costs, administrative and service costs, and building and equipment costs), and the costs of meal functions (e.g., meal preparation, meal delivery to congregate sites, congregate service or home-delivery, and supportive activities), and (3) to develop conclusions regarding the relative advantages and disadvantages of each meal service delivery system in different settings, to describe the implications of these conclusions for Administration on Aging program policy, and to suggest criteria by which providers might choose the most appropriate delivery systems for their projects. Data include project characteristics, sample site characteristics, meals served, number of meals served and prepared during the two-day test period, participant/visitor contributions during test period, background information on delivery systems, project-level labor and administrative costs, meal site labor and administrative costs, central kitchen labor and administrative costs, and capital expenses.

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Study Description


Kirschner Associates, Inc. Food Service Delivery Systems Used in Providing Nutrition Services to the Elderly. ICPSR08347-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08347.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08347.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration on Aging

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    administrative costs, expenditures, food programs, government agencies, government programs, labor costs, meal programs, nutrition, older adults, program evaluation, public health

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1981

Date of Collection:   

  • 1981-01--1981-04

Universe:    Federally funded nutrition projects serving the elderly.

Data Type(s):    observational data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data are presented for 121 nutrition projects (cases). However, there are 11 cases with incomplete records (case numbers 002, 028, 033, 038, 040, 052, 066, 067, 069, 095, and 110), one case with a duplicate record (067), and one missing case (058). Thus, there are complete records for only 108 cases. Complete cases have 88 data records.

Produced by Kirschner Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, 1981.


Sample:    The sample was stratified according to rural or urban character and predominant delivery systems.

Data Source:

observations and personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1985-05-24


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