This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

Health Interview Survey, 1980 (ICPSR 8223)

Principal Investigator(s):


The basic purpose of the Health Interview Survey is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. There are five types of records in the core survey, each in a separate data file. The variables in the Household File (Part 1) include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in the household, presence of a telephone, number of unrelated individuals, and region. The Person File (Part 2) includes information on sex, age, race, marital status, Hispanic origin, education, veteran status, family income, family size, major activities, health status, activity limits, employment status, and industry and occupation. These variables are found in the Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital Episode Files as well. The Person File also supplies data on height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, years at residence, and region variables. The Condition File (Part 3) contains information for each reported health condition, with specifics on injury and accident reports. The Hospital Episode File (Part 4) provides information on medical conditions, hospital episodes, type of service, type of hospital ownership, date of admission and discharge, number of nights in hospital, and operations performed. The Doctor Visit File (Part 5) documents doctor visits within the time period and identifies acute or chronic conditions. A sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth data set have been supplied along with the core files. The Health Insurance Supplement File (Part 6) contains questions about health insurance plans. The type of plan, including private, Medicare, Medicaid, military and other plans, and coverage or reasons for lack of coverage are provided. The Home Care Supplement File (Part 7) includes variables which were used to define the need for personal (individual) home care as a result of a chronic health condition, as well as the use of eyeglasses and contact lenses and hearing aids. The Residential Mobility Supplement File (Part 8) asks questions concerning where the respondent lives, length of time at an address, number of moves, number of miles moved, and with whom the respondent lives. The Smoking Supplement File (Part 9) contains variables on smoking status, number of cigarettes smoked, length of time smoked, tar and nicotine levels, and attempts to quit smoking.

Series: National Health Interview Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS1:  Household - Download All Files (70.8 MB)
DS2:  Person - Download All Files (203.7 MB) large dataset
DS3:  Condition - Download All Files (166.3 MB) large dataset
DS4:  Hospital Episode - Download All Files (70.3 MB)
DS5:  Doctor Visit - Download All Files (71.8 MB)
DS6:  Health Insurance Supplement - Download All Files (275.9 MB) large dataset
DS7:  Home Care Supplement - Download All Files (289.3 MB) large dataset
DS8:  Residential Mobility Supplement - Download All Files (88.2 MB)
DS9:  Smoking Supplement - Download All Files (63.4 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Health Interview Survey, 1980. ICPSR08223-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   demographic characteristics, dental care, health, health facilities, hospitals, nursing care, public health, social attitudes and behavior

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1980

Date of Collection:  

  • 1980

Universe:   Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States and the District of Columbia from 1,900 geographically defined Primary Sampling Units (PSU).

Data Types:   clinical data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The data contain amp (&), dash (-), and blank codes. A new condition recode, Recode 5, has been added to the condition record. It corresponds to the summary recode in the Ninth Revision International Classification of Diseases with the addition of residual categories. Recode 5 will provide a measure of continuity between condition data on the 1980 (and 1981) Public Use Tapes and data from 1982 and succeeding years when major changes will be made to both the acute and chronic condition categories.

These data files contain weights, which must be used in any analysis.

Per agreement with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.


Sample:   A multistage probability sample was used in selecting the housing units.

Weight:   These data contain multiple weight variables for each part. Users should refer to the User Guide for further information regarding the weights and their derivation. Additionally, users may need to weight the data prior to analysis. Detailed information regarding the use of weights is located within the documentation.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.

Restrictions: In preparing the data files for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-03-08 Full product suite (SAS, SPSS, Stata) has been created/added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated and added.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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