National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Crime, Fear, and Control in Neighborhood Commercial Centers: Minneapolis and St. Paul, 1970-1982 (ICPSR 8167)

Principal Investigator(s):


The major objective of this study was to examine how physical characteristics of commercial centers and demographic characteristics of residential areas contribute to crime and how these characteristics affect reactions to crime in mixed commercial-residential settings. Information on physical characteristics includes type of business, store hours, arrangement of buildings, and defensive modifications in the area. Demographic variables cover racial composition, average household size and income, and percent change of occupancy. The crime data describe six types of crime: robbery, burglary, assault, rape, personal theft, and shoplifting.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Commercial-Residential Data - Download All Files (4.3 MB)
DS2:  Area Data - Download All Files (4.1 MB)
DS3:  Telephone Survey Data - Download All Files (6.8 MB)
DS4:  Interview Data - Download All Files (5.7 MB)
DS5:  Pedestrian Activity Data - Download All Files (4.9 MB)

Study Description


McPherson, Marlys, Glenn Silloway, and David Frey. Crime, Fear, and Control in Neighborhood Commercial Centers: Minneapolis and St. Paul, 1970-1982. ICPSR08167-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (80-IJ-CX-0073)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   assault, burglary, crime, demographic characteristics, ethnicity, households, income, rape, robbery

Geographic Coverage:   Minneapolis, Minnesota, St. Paul, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1970--1982

Date of Collection:  

  • 1983

Universe:   All commercial and residential areas in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Sampling was based on three criteria: percent minority change from 1970 to 1980, an observational measure of disorder in each commercial center, and person crime rates for the entire commercial and residential area.

Data Source:

personal interviews, official police department records, and city assessors' records


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB8167.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 1998-04-28 The data have been restructured to one record per case, and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been prepared. Also, the codebooks and data collection instruments are now available as a Portable Document Format file.

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