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American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1982 (ICPSR 8130)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection consists of two surveys conducted in the United States during the final months of 1982 by the Gallup Organization. Variables measure attitudes concerning the role of the United States in the world. Issues include the relationship between domestic and foreign policy priorities, the appropriate response to the increasing diplomatic and political as well as military reach of the Soviet Union, the shift in foreign policy priorities, and the roles of various individuals and institutions in the implementation of foreign policy. Part 1 is a public survey involving a stratified, weighted, systematic national sample of 1,547 respondents aged 18 and older. Part 2 is a leadership sample including 341 individuals representing Americans in senior positions with knowledge of international affairs. Roughly equal proportions were chosen from the national political and governmental world, including senators and representatives (members of the Foreign Relations, International Relations, and Armed Services committees), and officials with international responsibilities from the State, Treasury, Defense, and other departments, and from the business community, the communications field, education, and foreign policy institutes. A smaller number of leaders was drawn from national unions, churches, voluntary organizations, and ethnic organizations.

Series: American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS1:  General Public Survey - Download All Files (1.7 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  National Leaders Survey - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Chicago Council on Foreign Relations. AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, 1982. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1983. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08130.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arms race, Cold War, domestic policy, foreign affairs, foreign aid, foreign policy, human rights, international relations, leadership, national elites, national interests, policy making, public approval, public opinion

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1982

Universe:   General Public Survey: Persons aged 18 and older. National Leaders Survey: Senators, representatives, and government officials with international responsibilities. A smaller number of leaders was drawn from national unions, churches, voluntary organizations, and other ethnic organizations.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   General Public Survey: Stratified, systematic national sample of 1,547 respondents.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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