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Principal Investigator(s): Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
This data collection contains general election returns for the offices of president, governor, and United States representative in the period 1788-1823. These returns comprise an extension of the general election collection (see UNITED STATES HISTORICAL ELECTION RETURNS, 1824-1968--ICPSR 0001) back to the occurrence of the first elections held under the United States Constitution. The data are recorded chiefly at the county level, although town-level returns were collected and preserved as well for the New England states. This collection of Early National period election returns is much less complete than the body of returns available for the years from 1824 to the present. Fugitive and nonextant sources resulted in the recovery of only approximately half of the possible returns for elections in this period. The collection and processing of the pre-1824 election materials was supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. United States Historical Election Returns, 1788-1823. ICPSR00079-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00079.v5
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00079.v5
This study was funded by:
- National Endowment for the Humanities
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: congressional elections, eighteenth century, election returns, elections, gubernatorial elections, nineteenth century, political attitudes, political behavior, political parties, presidential elections
Geographic Coverage: Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York (state), North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, United States, Vermont, Virginia
Universe: Counties in 22 states, and towns in 5 New England states of the United States in the period 1788-1823.
Data Types: aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) See also the related collections, UNITED STATES HISTORICAL ELECTION RETURNS, 1788-1968 (ICPSR 0001), and CANDIDATE NAME AND CONSTITUENCY TOTALS, 1788-1990 (ICPSR 0002). (2) The documentation for the collection, CANDIDATE NAME AND CONSTITUENCY TOTALS, 1788-1990 (ICPSR 0002) is the same documentation for this study. The information provided in ICPSR 0002 further documents the data in ICPSR 0001, 0013 and 0079 and provides party codes for all elections. A listing of all parties, organized by party code number, is also found in dataset 0204 of ICPSR 0001.
Official election returns provided by state governments
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-06-19
- Citations exports are provided above.
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