National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Deterrent Effects of Arrests and Imprisonment in the United States, 1960-1977 (ICPSR 7973)
Principal Investigator(s): Pogue, Thomas F., University of Iowa
Emerging from the tradition of econometric models of deterrence and crime, this study attempts to improve estimates of how crime rates are affected by the apprehension and punishment of persons charged with criminal activity. These data are contained in two files: Part 1, State Data, consists of a panel of observations from each of the 50 states and contains information on crime rates, clearance rates, length of time served, probability of imprisonment, socioeconomic factors such as unemployment rates, population levels, and income levels, and state and local expenditures for police protection. Part 2, SMSA Data, consists of a panel of 77 SMSAs and contains information on crime rates, clearance rates, length of time served, probability of imprisonment, socioeconomic factors such as employment rates, population levels, and income levels, and taxation and expenditure information.
These data are freely available.
Pogue, Thomas F. Deterrent Effects of Arrests and Imprisonment in the United States, 1960-1977. ICPSR07973-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07973.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07973.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0015)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: arrests, auto theft, burglary, convictions (law), correctional facilities, crime, criminal justice system, inmates, jails, larceny, police, police protection, robbery, social attitudes, standard metropolitan statistical areas, victimization
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Published federal, state, and SMSA data for the years 1960-1977 and from unpublished FBI data on reported crimes and crimes cleared by arrest. For a complete list of sources, see the codebook
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-03-18
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 1997-12-12 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection.
- Citations exports are provided above.
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