National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Characteristics and Movement of Felons in California Prisons, 1851-1964 (ICPSR 7971)

Principal Investigator(s): Messinger, Sheldon

Summary:

Felons in the California prison system are documented in this data collection. The data are arranged by year and type of movement within the prison system, and include admissions, paroles, parole violations, suspensions or reinstatements of parole, discharges, deaths, and executions. Each record contains information on certain characteristics of the person involved, such as age at admission, race, marital status, education, military history, occupation, number of prior arrests, escape record, date and type of releases, and parole violations.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  Male Admissions 1945 - Download All Files (0.174 MB)
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DS2:  Male Paroles 1945 - Download All Files (0.139 MB)
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DS3:  Male Admissions 1957 - Download All Files (0.408 MB)
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DS4:  Male Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0.342 MB)
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DS5:  Male Suspension of Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0.158 MB)
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DS6:  Male Reinstatement of Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0.024 MB)
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DS7:  Male Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1957 - Download All Files (0.123 MB)
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DS8:  Male Institutional Termination 1957 - Download All Files (0.086 MB)
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DS9:  Male Admissions 1964 - Download All Files (0.446 MB)
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DS10:  Male Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.643 MB)
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DS11:  Male Suspension of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.376 MB)
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DS12:  Male Reinstatement of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.054 MB)
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DS13:  Male Parole Violators Returned to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0.294 MB)
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DS14:  Male Institutional Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.094 MB)
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DS15:  Male Active Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.23 MB)
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DS16:  Male Inactive Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.019 MB)
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DS17:  Female Admission to Prison 1945 - Download All Files (0.008 MB)
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DS18:  Female Parole Release 1945 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS19:  Female Suspension of Parole 1945 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS20:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1945 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS21:  Female Institutional Termination 1945 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS22:  Female Active Parole Termination 1945 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS23:  Female Admission to Prison 1946 - Download All Files (0.009 MB)
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DS24:  Female Parole Release 1946 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS25:  Female Suspension of Parole 1946 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS26:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1946 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS27:  Female Institutional Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS28:  Female Active Parole Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS29:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS30:  Female Admission to Prison 1947 - Download All Files (0.01 MB)
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DS31:  Female Parole Release 1947 - Download All Files (0.008 MB)
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DS32:  Female Suspension of Parole 1947 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS33:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1947 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS34:  Female Institutional Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS35:  Female Active Parole Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0.004 MB)
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DS36:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS37:  Female Admission to Prison 1948 - Download All Files (0.012 MB)
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DS38:  Female Parole Release 1948 - Download All Files (0.012 MB)
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DS39:  Female Suspension of Parole 1948 - Download All Files (0.004 MB)
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DS40:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1948 - Download All Files (0.003 MB)
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DS41:  Female Institutional Termination 1948 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS42:  Female Active Parole Termination 1948 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS43:  Female Admission to Prison 1949 - Download All Files (0.009 MB)
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DS44:  Female Parole Release 1949 - Download All Files (0.01 MB)
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DS45:  Female Suspension of Parole 1949 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS46:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1949 - Download All Files (0.003 MB)
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DS47:  Female Institutional Termination 1949 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS48:  Female Active Parole Termination 1949 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS49:  Female Admission to Prison 1950 - Download All Files (0.013 MB)
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DS50:  Female Parole Release 1950 - Download All Files (0.015 MB)
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DS51:  Female Suspension of Parole 1950 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS52:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1950 - Download All Files (0.004 MB)
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DS53:  Female Institutional Termination 1950 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS54:  Female Active Parole Termination 1950 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS55:  Female Admission to Prison 1951 - Download All Files (0.014 MB)
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DS56:  Female Parole Release 1951 - Download All Files (0.011 MB)
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DS57:  Female Suspension of Parole 1951 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS58:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1951 - Download All Files (0.003 MB)
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DS59:  Female Institutional Termination 1951 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS60:  Female Active Parole Termination 1951 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS61:  Female Admission to Prison 1952 - Download All Files (0.017 MB)
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DS62:  Female Parole Release 1952 - Download All Files (0.016 MB)
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DS63:  Female Suspension of Parole 1952 - Download All Files (0.008 MB)
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DS64:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1952 - Download All Files (0.004 MB)
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DS65:  Female Institutional Termination 1952 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS66:  Female Active Parole Termination 1952 - Download All Files (0.004 MB)
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DS67:  Female Admission to Prison 1953 - Download All Files (0.016 MB)
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DS68:  Female Parole Release 1953 - Download All Files (0.018 MB)
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DS69:  Female Suspension of Parole 1953 - Download All Files (0.01 MB)
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DS70:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1953 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS71:  Female Institutional Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS72:  Female Active Parole Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0.005 MB)
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DS73:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS74:  Female Admission to Prison 1954 - Download All Files (0.021 MB)
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DS75:  Female Parole Release 1954 - Download All Files (0.017 MB)
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DS76:  Female Suspension of Parole 1954 - Download All Files (0.014 MB)
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DS77:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1954 - Download All Files (0.006 MB)
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DS78:  Female Institutional Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS79:  Female Active Parole Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0.007 MB)
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DS80:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS81:  Female Admission to Prison 1955 - Download All Files (0.016 MB)
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DS82:  Female Suspension of Parole 1955 - Download All Files (0.018 MB)
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DS83:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1955 - Download All Files (0.007 MB)
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DS84:  Female Institutional Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS85:  Female Active Parole Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0.009 MB)
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DS86:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS87:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1958 - Download All Files (0.012 MB)
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DS88:  Female Institutional Termination 1958 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS89:  Female Admission to Prison 1959 - Download All Files (0.026 MB)
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DS90:  Female Parole Release 1959 - Download All Files (0.032 MB)
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DS91:  Female Suspension of Parole 1959 - Download All Files (0.019 MB)
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DS92:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1959 - Download All Files (0.015 MB)
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DS93:  Female Institutional Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0.003 MB)
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DS94:  Female Active Parole Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0.013 MB)
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DS95:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS96:  Female Admission to Prison 1960 - Download All Files (0.03 MB)
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DS97:  1960 Female Parole Release - Download All Files (0.037 MB)
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DS98:  Female Suspension of Parole 1960 - Download All Files (0.02 MB)
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DS99:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1960 - Download All Files (0.012 MB)
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DS100:  Female Institutional Termination 1960 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS101:  Female Active Parole Termination 1960 - Download All Files (0.014 MB)
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DS102:  Female Admission to Prison 1961 - Download All Files (0.033 MB)
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DS103:  Female Parole Release 1961 - Download All Files (0.05 MB)
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DS104:  Female Suspension of Parole 1961 - Download All Files (0.034 MB)
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DS105:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1961 - Download All Files (0.017 MB)
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DS106:  Female Institutional Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS107:  Female Active Parole Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0.014 MB)
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DS108:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS109:  Female Admission to Prison 1962 - Download All Files (0.026 MB)
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DS110:  Female Parole Releases 1962 - Download All Files (0.054 MB)
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DS111:  Female Reinstatement of Parole, 1962 - Download All Files (0.015 MB)
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DS112:  Female Institutional Termination 1962 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS113:  Female Active Parole Termination 1962 - Download All Files (0.017 MB)
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DS114:  Female Admission to Prison 1963 - Download All Files (0.024 MB)
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DS115:  Female Parole Release 1963 - Download All Files (0.05 MB)
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DS116:  Female Suspension of Parole 1963 - Download All Files (0.044 MB)
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DS117:  Female Reinstatement of Parole 1963 - Download All Files (0.015 MB)
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DS118:  Female Parole Violators Returned to Prison 1963 - Download All Files (0.026 MB)
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DS119:  Female Institutional Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS120:  Female Active Parole Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0.017 MB)
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DS121:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS122:  Female Admission to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0.029 MB)
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DS123:  Female Parole Release 1964 - Download All Files (0.05 MB)
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DS124:  Female Suspension of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.042 MB)
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DS125:  Female Reinstatement of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.015 MB)
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DS126:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0.023 MB)
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DS127:  Female Institutional Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.002 MB)
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DS128:  Female Active Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.027 MB)
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DS129:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.001 MB)
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DS130:  1851-1865 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.044 MB)
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DS131:  1866-1880 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.294 MB)
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DS132:  1881-1895 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.324 MB)
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DS133:  1896-1910 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.339 MB)
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DS134:  1911-1925 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.452 MB)
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DS135:  1926-1935 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.257 MB)
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DS136:  1936-1944 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.193 MB)
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DS137:  Codebook-listed-to-tape for Datasets 0130-0136
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DS138:  Codebook for Parts 1-129
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Study Description

Citation

Messinger, Sheldon. Characteristics and Movement of Felons in California Prisons, 1851-1964. ICPSR07971-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07971.v3

Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07971.v3

3
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/7971/terms

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arrests, convictions (law), correctional facilities, criminal justice system, demographic characteristics, fatalities, felons, inmates, parole

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1851--1964

Date of Collection:  

  • 1978

Universe:   All male and female felons committed to the Director of Corrections in California for the years 1851 to 1964.

Data Types:   event/transaction data, survey data

Methodology

Data Source:

California Department of Corrections Official Records

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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Metadata Exports

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