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World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1969-1978 (ICPSR 7964)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency


This two-part data collection contains annual information for military expenditures and import and export of arms and military equipment for 139 countries for the period 1969-1978. Data are provided on arms exports and imports, total imports and exports, arms imports and exports as a percentage of the total imports and exports, the gross national product (GNP), and central government expenditures, as well as expenditures on health, education, and the military as a percentage of the GNP, and health and education expenditures as a percentage of military expenditures. Data are also provided on population characteristics, such as the number of teachers, soldiers, and doctors per 1,000 people, the number of teachers and doctors as a percentage of the number of soldiers, and the total population. Other variables provide information on the country's membership in regional alliances such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the former Warsaw Pact, and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, as well as World Bank membership. Additional variables describe the country's developmental status and the geographic region of the world in which the country is located. In addition, Part 1 data provide information on the total value of arms transferred from major arms supplier countries such as the United States, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Poland, China, and the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and West Germany. They are organized by country records. Part 2 data are organized by country-year records.

Series: World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Country Records - Download All Files (1.57 MB)
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DS2:  Countries by Year Records - Download All Files (0.806 MB)
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Study Description


United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1969-1978. ICPSR07964-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1984. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07964.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07964.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    armaments, armed forces, arms exports, arms imports, arms race, arms trade, arms transfers, defense (military), defense spending, economic indicators, education expenditures, Gross National Product, international alliances, international trade, military expenditures, military personnel, military strength, nations, NATO, OPEC, population estimates, public health, social indicators, Warsaw Pact, weapons

Geographic Coverage:    Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (Peoples Republic), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Global, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Sao Tome And Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Soviet Union, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam (Socialist Republic), Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Time Period:   

  • 1969--1978

Universe:    A total of 139 countries, nearly all of which were members of the United Nations.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

Users interested in merging these data with earlier or later versions of the same series should consult the related publication listed below for a detailed statement of conversion procedures and methods for making these data comparable with earlier or later series.


Data Source:

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. WORLD MILITARY EXPENDITURES AND ARMS TRANSFERS, 1969-1978. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1980.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-03

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