ICPSR Logo

This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Experiments in Question Wording, Form, and Context in Attitude Surveys, 1971-1980 (ICPSR 7940)

Principal Investigator(s): Schuman, Howard, University of Michigan. Survey Research Center; Presser, Stanley, University of Michigan. Survey Research Center

Summary:

Data from over 200 experiments conducted in 34 different surveys are supplied in this collection. The experiments were designed to evaluate systematically the effects of question form, wording, and context. Experimental questions were constructed to explore the following topics: open vs. closed questions, "don't know" responses, response order, unbalanced questions vs. balancing attempts, agree-disagree items, attitude strength, attitude crystallization, tone of wording, question content, and question order.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  SRC75FEB - Download All Files (26.242 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  SRC76FEB - Download All Files (25.475 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS3:  SRC76SPR - Download All Files (25.803 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS4:  SRC77FEB - Download All Files (25.528 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS5:  SRC77AUG - Download All Files (25.41 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS6:  SRC78MAR - Download All Files (25.212 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS7:  SRC78MAY - Download All Files (25.405 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS8:  SRC78AUG - Download All Files (25.994 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS9:  SRC79JAN - Download All Files (25.231 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS10:  SRC79MAR - Download All Files (25.172 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS11:  SRC79JUL - Download All Files (25.359 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS12:  SRC79AUG - Download All Files (25.598 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS13:  SRC79SEP - Download All Files (25.548 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS14:  SRC79NOV - Download All Files (25.208 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS15:  SRC80MAR - Download All Files (25.152 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS16:  SRC80MAY - Download All Files (25.186 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS17:  SRC80JUN - Download All Files (25.277 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS18:  SRC80JUL - Download All Files (25.181 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS19:  SRC80SEP - Download All Files (25.364 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS20:  APRLOC79 - Download All Files (25.442 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS21:  THREEMRG - Download All Files (25.404 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS22:  JUNSEP80 - Download All Files (25.245 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS23:  UM80 - Download All Files (25.1 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS24:  SRC79APR - Download All Files (25.464 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS25:  NORC7280 - Download All Files (26.278 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS26:  SRC74FALL - Download All Files (26.142 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS27:  SRC78FEB - Download All Files (25.313 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS28:  SRC78FALL - Download All Files (26.43 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS29:  SRC79JUN - Download All Files (25.307 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS30:  SRC80FEB - Download All Files (25.404 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS31:  DAS76 - Download All Files (26.448 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS32:  DAS71 - Download All Files (35.827 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

Schuman, Howard, and Stanley Presser. Experiments in Question Wording, Form, and Context in Attitude Surveys, 1971-1980. ICPSR07940-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-03-17. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07940.v2

Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07940.v2

2
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/datacatalog.json
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/7940/terms

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (Soc76-15040, and Soc78-04021)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (MH-24266)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   social attitudes, social indicators

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1971--1980

Date of Collection:  

  • 1974--1981

Universe:   Parts 1-22, 24-30: Noninstitutionalized population 18 years and over living in households in the 48 coterminous United States. Part 23: students at the University of Michigan listed in the student directory. Parts 31, 32: Adults aged 21 and over residing in dwelling units located within the Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Data Types:   survey data

Methodology

Sample:   Parts 1-22, 24, 26-32: Households selected using multistage area probability sampling, respondents randomly selected from each sampled household. Part 23: Systematic random sampling. Part 25: Block quota sampling in 1974, full probability sampling in 1978 and 1980.

Data Source:

Parts 1-22, 24, 26-30: Survey Research Center surveys, Part 23: University of Michigan surveys, Part 25: National Opinion Research Center surveys, Parts 31, 32: Detroit Area Study surveys

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-17 ICPSR-created SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, SAS and Stata supplementary setup files, SAS transport file, SPSS portable file, and Stata system file have been added to the collection. ICPSR-produced codebooks for each of the parts were added. The original codebook was updated by removing OSIRIS-specific dataset listings.

Related Publications (?)

Variables

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics