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United States Census Data, 1900: Public Use Sample (ICPSR 7825)

Principal Investigator(s): Preston, Samuel H.; Higgs, Robert L.


This study was conducted under the auspices of the Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology at the University of Washington. It is a nationally representative sample of the population of the United States in 1900, drawn from the manuscript returns of individuals enumerated in the 1900 United States Census. Household variables include region, state and county of household, size of household, and type and ownership of dwelling. Individual variables for each household member include relationship to head of household, race, sex, age, marital status, number of children, and birthplace. Immigration variables include parents' birthplace, year of immigration and number of years in the United States. Occupation variables include occupation, coded by both the 1900 and 1950 systems, and number of months unemployed. Education variables include number of months in school, whether respondents could read or write a language, and whether they spoke English.

Access Notes

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Study Description


Preston, Samuel H., and Robert L. Higgs. United States Census Data, 1900: Public Use Sample. ICPSR07825-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07825.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07825.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, demographic characteristics, historical data, household composition

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1900

Date of Collection:   

  • 1900-06

Universe:    All persons residing in the United States on June 1, 1900.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The file contains a household record for each household selected in the sample, with variables describing the location and composition of the household. The household record is followed by a record for each individual who resided in that household. These "person records" contain variables describing the demographic characteristics, nativity, education, and occupation of each person. Sample interview schedules are included in a hard copy supplement available upon request.


Sample:    National probability sample, yielding 27,069 households comprising 100,438 individuals who represent 1/760th of the total population of the United States in 1900.

Data Source:

interview schedules of the 1900 United States Census


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-28

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