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Political Participation and Equality in Seven Nations, 1966-1971 (ICPSR 7768)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection is composed of seven files: six individual country datasets (Austria, India, Japan, Netherlands, Nigeria, and Yugoslavia) and a comparative cross-national dataset. The study resulted from data collected for the collaborative project "Cross-National Program in Political and Social Change" in seven nations conducted primarily by Sidney Verba, Norman H. Nie, and Jae-On Kim. This survey was designed to deal comprehensively with one aspect of the larger study: to ascertain the ways citizens participate politically in local and national affairs and the processes that lead them to do so. Personal interviews were conducted from 1966 to 1971 in seven nations, including the United States. The United States dataset can be found separately in the collection, POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN AMERICA, 1967 [ICPSR 7015], and is included in the Cross-National file (Part 7). Questions were asked to measure respondents' involvement in political organizations at both the local and national levels, participation in formal and informal community groups, the extent of individual contact with public officials, attitudes toward recent political and social changes, and interest in the political process. Demographic items specify age, sex, marital status, occupation, household composition, length of stay in community, size of community, education, home ownership, family income, political party identification, religion, race, union membership, position in union, and reason for joining union.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS1:  1: Austria - Download All Files (6.2 MB)
DS2:  2: India - Download All Files (8.6 MB)
DS3:  3: Japan - Download All Files (6.2 MB)
DS4:  4: The Netherlands - Download All Files (7 MB)
DS5:  5: Nigeria - Download All Files (5.9 MB)
DS6:  6: Yugoslavia - Download All Files (6.4 MB)
DS7:  7: Cross-National File - Download All Files (3.1 MB)

Study Description


Verba, Sidney, Norman H. Nie, and Jae-On Kim. Political Participation and Equality in Seven Nations, 1966-1971. ICPSR07768-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07768.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • Carnegie Corporation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   community participation, political attitudes, political efficacy, political issues, political organizations, political participation, social attitudes

Geographic Coverage:   Austria, Global, India, Japan, Netherlands, Nigeria, Yugoslavia

Time Period:  

  • 1966--1971

Date of Collection:  

  • 1966--1971

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Sampling procedures varied by nation. In general, a national representative sample of a cross-section of the citizens in each nation was generated. Also generated was a set of mini-community samples for 60-100 communities, a sample of elites for each of these communities, and numerous types of information on the demography and structure of each of the communities. In Austria, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United States, the cross-section samples are representative of the entire nation. In the other three nations, India, Yugoslavia, and Nigeria, the samples pertain to specified sub-national regions. In all nations, except the U.S., the cross-section samples are multi-staged area probability samples to the level of the individual. The U.S. sample is a multi-staged area probability sample to the block level, with block quota techniques employed for the final selection of respondents.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2000-05-01 The SPSS data definition statements for this collection were updated and SAS data definitions statements files have been added. In addition, the codebooks are available in Portable Document Format, and the data files have been reordered.

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