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ANES 1980 Time Series Study (ICPSR 7763)

Alternate Title:   ANES 1980

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E., University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Four areas were targeted for special attention: new measurement of party identification, the measurement of voter attitudes concerning issues of public policy, new content concerning public perceptions of and responses to political leadership, and the exploration of social networks in the crystallization of the vote choice. Special-interest and topical content includes questions on the proposed 30% tax cut, new questions on campaign contributions and party identification, new retrospective and prospective evaluations of the economy, new issue scales on defense spending and U.S. foreign policy toward Russia, a new abortion question, and the introduction to the ANES time series of 'traits and affects' measures of perception and response regarding political leadership. Besides representing a traditional pre-post election study, the two waves of the 1980 ANES Time Series Study were simultaneously components of a larger project consisting of 8 integrated survey data collections carried out throughout 1980 and scheduled at strategically chosen time periods in the course of the election year, along with vote validation and contextual data. Other studies in the project included the four-wave 1980 Major Panel Study [ICPSR 35120], and a 2-wave minor panel that is available only in the ANES 1980 Merged File [ICPSR 35119], which combines into a single dataset all of the ANES data collected in 1980. The National Election Studies Board established a 1980 Presidential Elections Committee that consisted of three Board members (Merrill Shanks, John Jackson, David Sears) and three additional scholars (Richard S. Brody, Jack Dennis, Donald R. Kinder). This committee, along with the Center for Political Studies project staff, was responsible for the planning of the year-long study. The Pre- and Post-Election Surveys file contains the traditional election survey data. Contextual measures are provided along with the survey data, and include election returns, interest group ratings of incumbents, and Federal Election Commission campaign contribution data.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies. ANES 1980 Time Series Study. ICPSR07763-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-02-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07763.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07763.v3

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    campaign contributions, candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, election returns, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, primaries, public approval, public opinion, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980

Date of Collection:   

  • 1980

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Citizens of voting age living in private households.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Variables V801197-V801208 are Vote Validation (individual voter record) variables. Variables V805001-V805225 are Contextual variables.

For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.


Sample:    Multistage representative cross-section. The sample design of the 1980 ANES is not typical of the time series. Like that of the 1978 ANES, it employed a sampling frame of congressional districts, with primary areas comprising 108 districts selected in the first stage of the multi-area probability sample developed in 1978. As in all time series studies, however, the total sample was drawn to constitute a representative national cross-section, including an average of 15 interviews per district. Interviews were conducted prior to the November 4 elections, beginning September 7 using a pre-election instrument averaging 70 minutes. Post-election interviews averaged 60 minutes and were administered November 5,1980-February 7, 1981.

Time Method:    Time Series: Discrete

Weight:    No weights are included in this dataset.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    The sample included 2,249 eligible persons, among whom 1,614 completed pre-election interviews and 1,408 were subsequently re-interviewed in the post-election phase.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-19

Version History:

  • 2016-02-26 The study metadata was updated. Dataset 2 was re-numbered as DS1. The SAS and SPSS setup files, as well as the SPSS portable file and the SAS transport (CPORT) file were updated. Stata setup files, a Stata system file, a tab-delimited data file and an R data file were added to the collection. The codebook was updated. Datasets 3 and 4 were removed from this collection and re-processed as individual studies: the ANES 1980 Major Panel Study [ICPSR 35120], and the ANES 1980 Merged File [ICPSR 35119].
  • 1999-11-19 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats, in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. Also, SAS data definition statements were prepared, and the data collection instruments were added to the collection as PDF files. Additionally, the SPSS data definition statements and the codebooks have been updated to reflect these changes.

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