National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

National Jail Census, 1978 (ICPSR 7737) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The National Jail Census was conducted in early 1978 by the United States Census Bureau for the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The census was taken of all locally administered county and municipal jails with the authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours. Data are presented for jails in 45 states. Excluded are Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Information includes jail population by legal status, age and sex of prisoners, maximum sentence, admissions and releases, available services, structure and capacity, expenditure, and employment.

Series: National Jail Census Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

Dataset - Download All Files (16.4 MB)

Study Description

Citation

U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1978. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 4th ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1997. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07737.v4

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census data, correctional facilities, correctional system, corrections management, demographic characteristics, inmate populations, inmates, jail inmates, jails

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1978

Date of Collection:  

  • 1978-02

Universe:   All locally administered county and municipal jails in the United States with authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR.

Methodology

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires, and personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 1997-02-13 SAS data definition statements have been added to this collection, and the SPSS data definition statements were updated.

Related Publications (see Notes)

Variables

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.