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Macroeconomic Time Series for the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France (ICPSR 7644)

Principal Investigator(s):


This collection contains an array of economic time series data pertaining to the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France, primarily between the 1920s and the 1960s, and including some time series from the 18th and 19th centuries. These data were collected by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), and they constitute a research resource of importance to economists as well as to political scientists, sociologists, and historians. Under a grant from the National Science Foundation, ICPSR and the National Bureau of Economic Research converted this collection (which existed heretofore only on handwritten sheets stored in New York) into fully accessible, readily usable, and completely documented machine-readable form. The NBER collection -- containing an estimated 1.6 million entries -- is divided into 16 major categories: (1) construction, (2) prices, (3) security markets, (4) foreign trade, (5) income and employment, (6) financial status of business, (7) volume of transactions, (8) government finance, (9) distribution of commodities, (10) savings and investments, (11) transportation and public utilities, (12) stocks of commodities, (13) interest rates, and (14) indices of leading, coincident, and lagging indicators, (15) money and banking, and (16) production of commodities. Data from all categories are available in Parts 1-22. The economic variables are usually observations on the entire nation or large subsets of the nation. Frequently, however, and especially in the United States, separate regional and metropolitan data are included in other variables. This makes cross-sectional analysis possible in many cases. The time span of variables in these files may be as short as one year or as long as 160 years. Most data pertain to the first half of the 20th century. Many series, however, extend into the 19th century, and a few reach into the 18th. The oldest series, covering brick production in England and Wales, begins in 1785, and the most recent United States data extend to 1968. The unit of analysis is an interval of time -- a year, a quarter, or a month. The bulk of observations are monthly, and most series of monthly data contain annual values or totals.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Construction, Dataset 02A - Download All Files (50.4 MB)
DS2:  Construction, Dataset 02B - Download All Files (55 MB)
DS3:  Construction, Dataset 02C - Download All Files (54.9 MB)
DS4:  Prices, Dataset 04A - Download All Files (50.1 MB)
DS5:  Prices, Dataset 04B - Download All Files (52.6 MB)
DS6:  Security Markets, Dataset 11A - Download All Files (40.7 MB)
DS7:  Foreign Trade, Dataset 07A - Download All Files (46.4 MB)
DS8:  Income and Employment, Dataset 08A - Download All Files (51.7 MB)
DS9:  Income and Employment, Dataset 08B - Download All Files (54.3 MB)
DS10:  Income and Employment, Dataset 08C - Download All Files (49.2 MB)
DS11:  Financial Status of Business, Dataset 09A - Download All Files (52 MB)
DS12:  Volume of Transactions, Dataset 12A - Download All Files (43 MB)
DS13:  Government Finance, Dataset 15A - Download All Files (43.2 MB)
DS14:  Distribution of Commodities, Dataset 06A - Download All Files (48.5 MB)
DS15:  Savings and Investments, Dataset 10A - Download All Files (53.2 MB)
DS16:  Transportation and Public Utilities, Dataset 03A - Download All Files (55.7 MB)
DS17:  Stocks of Commodities, Dataset 05A - Download All Files (53.4 MB)
DS18:  Interest Rates, Dataset 13A - Download All Files (46.7 MB)
DS19:  Indexes of Leading, Coincident, and Lagging Indicators, Dataset 16A - Download All Files (43.5 MB)
DS20:  Money and Banking, Dataset 14A - Download All Files (61.4 MB)
DS21:  Production of Commodities, Dataset 01A - Download All Files (59.5 MB)
DS22:  Production of Commodities, Dataset 01B - Download All Files (56.7 MB)

Study Description


National Bureau of Economic Research. Macroeconomic Time Series for the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France. ICPSR07644-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-03-26. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07644.v2

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   business cycles, commodities, construction industry, distribution, domestic trade, economic history, economic indicators, employment, financial assets, income, interest rates, international markets, international trade, investments, national economy, prices, production levels, public utilities, savings, trade, transportation

Geographic Coverage:   France, Germany, Global, United Kingdom, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1785--1968

Date of Collection:  

  • 1920--1970

Universe:   Time series of economic statistics pertaining to France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States between 1785 and 1968.

Data Types:   aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

The data were collected between the 1920s and the 1970s, but it is unclear from the documentation as to the exact start and end dates.


Data Source:

Various corporations and government entities.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2007-03-26 This study, updated from OSIRIS, now includes SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, SAS transport (XPORT) files, SPSS portable files, a Stata system files, and an updated codebook.

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