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Survey of Income and Education, 1976 (ICPSR 7634)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection contains information gathered in the Survey of Income and Education (SIE) conducted in April-July 1976 by the Census Bureau for the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW). Although national estimates of the number of children in poverty were available each year from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS), those estimates were not statistically reliable on a state-by-state basis. In enacting the Educational Amendments of 1974, Congress mandated that HEW conduct a survey to obtain reliable state-by-state data on the numbers of school-age children in local areas with family incomes below the federal poverty level. This was the statistic that determined the amount of grant a local educational agency was entitled to under Title 1, Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. (Such funds were distributed by HEW's Office of Education.) The SIE was the survey created to fulfill that mandate. Its questions include those used in the Current Population Survey regarding current employment, past work experience, and income. Additional questions covering school enrollment, disability, health insurance, bilingualism, food stamp recipiency, assets, and housing costs enabled the study of the poverty concept and of program effectiveness in reaching target groups. Basic household information also was recorded, including tenure of unit (a determination of whether the occupants of the living quarters owned, rented, or occupied the unit without rent), type of unit, household language, and for each member of the household: age, sex, race, ethnicity, marital history, and education.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Division 1 - Download All Files (53.584 MB)
DS2:  Division 2 - Download All Files (37.52 MB)
DS3:  Division 3 - Download All Files (54.153 MB)
DS4:  Division 4 - Download All Files (52.175 MB)
DS5:  Division 5 - Download All Files (45.381 MB)
DS6:  Division 6 - Download All Files (21.907 MB)
DS7:  Division 7 - Download All Files (27.858 MB)
DS8:  Division 8 - Download All Files (66.0 MB)
DS9:  Division 9 - Download All Files (44.342 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Survey of Income and Education, 1976. ICPSR07634-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07634.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07634.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    bilingualism, census data, disabilities, education, enrollments, families, financial assets, health insurance, households, housing costs, income, poverty, poverty programs, school age children, states (USA)

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:   

  • 1976-04--1976-07

Date of Collection:   

  • 1976-04--1976-07

Universe:    Households in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 1976.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The hierarchical file structure includes household, family, and individual records. Character 441 of each record contains a record type code that allows the user to determine whether the particular record is a household, family, or person. In total there are 752,960 records contained in the file, including 151,170 household, 160,975 family, and 440,815 person records. The file is ordered with the household record followed by one of three possible structures. See the codebook for complete computer record sequence notes.

Sub-state geographic units are not extensively identified, as the original survey design attempted to facilitate analysis at the state level.

The size of the survey sample and the resulting data collection are large. Approximately 158,500 households were selected for interviewing. The data collection consists of nine files (one for each of the census divisions).


Sample:    A stratified, multistate cluster design was used.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-28

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB7634.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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