This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

State-Level Congressional, Gubernatorial and Senatorial Election Data for the United States, 1824-1972 (ICPSR 75)

Principal Investigator(s): Burnham, W. Dean; Clubb, Jerome M.; Flanigan, William


This study contains raw and percentagized returns for all regular congressional, gubernatorial, and senatorial elections in the United States from 1824-1972. Data are provided for the number of votes cast for the major parties, including the Democratic party, the Old Republican party, the National Republican party, the Whig party, the Liberal party, and the Socialist party, and for parties whose candidates received 5 percent or more of the statewide total vote, the percentages of the votes cast for the same parties, and the estimates of voter turnout in these Congressional elections. Additional variables provide percentagized total number of citizens, Blacks, foreign-born aliens, and white aliens aged 21 and older. All data are aggregated to the state level.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Congressional Returns, 1824-1869 - Download All Files (0.703 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  Congressional Returns, 1870-1940 - Download All Files (0.85 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS3:  Congressional Returns, 1941-1972 - Download All Files (0.662 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS4:  Gubernatorial Returns, 1824-1868 - Download All Files (0.826 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS5:  Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1869-1911 - Download All Files (0.868 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS6:  Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1912-1940 - Download All Files (0.862 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS7:  Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1941-1973 - Download All Files (0.852 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Burnham, W. Dean, Jerome M. Clubb, and William Flanigan. STATE-LEVEL CONGRESSIONAL, GUBERNATORIAL AND SENATORIAL ELECTION DATA FOR THE UNITED STATES, 1824-1972. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1991. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00075.v1

Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00075.v1


Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   elections, immigrants, nineteenth century, political attitudes, political parties, state elections, states (USA), twentieth century, vote count, voter turnout

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1824--1972

Data Types:   aggregate data, and census data


Sample:   Decennial census figures for total population, and population deemed eligible to vote by contemporary age, race, sex, and citizenship criteria, were used to compute estimates of the number of persons deemed qualified to vote in each election year. Inter-censal estimates were computed from the decennial figures, using a linear interpolation method. The resulting inter-censal estimates for total population and "eligible voters" were then used to obtain an estimate of voter turnout in an election by dividing the total votes cast in an election by the estimated population figure.

Data Source:

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 8 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Related Publications (?)



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics