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Mexican-American Families in Los Angeles, 1844-1880 (ICPSR 7582)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection contains two data files created from manuscript census returns. Part 1 is an aggregation of social characteristics of Spanish-surnamed and Mexican-born families in the city of Los Angeles from 1844-1880. The data were used to study family composition and socioeconomic mobility. Data items include real property held by head of household (1844, 1850, and 1880 missing), number of children in household, number of adults who were literate in household (no data for 1844), last name of head of household, place of birth of head of household, and occupational category (i.e., rancher or farmer, professional, mercantile, clerk, skilled, and unskilled). Part 2 is composed of data used to study the socioeconomic development of the Mexican-American community in Los Angeles. The main emphasis was on an analysis of literacy, occupational mobility, schooling, family structure, demographic changes, and property mobility. Data items include last name, first name, age, sex, occupational code, real property, personal property, place of birth, literacy, race, head of household, wife of head, child of head, parent of head, sibling of head, and common law spouse. Definitions of family types and discussion of the methodology and rationale used to generate the data in both files can be found in Appendix A of del Castillo, Richard Griswold. "La Raza Hispano Americana: The Emergence of an Urban Culture Among the Spanish Speaking of Los Angeles, 1850-1880." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 1974.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  File One: Aggregate Social Characteristics - Download All Files (0.3 MB)
DS2:  File Two: Socio-Economic Development - Download All Files (1.1 MB)

Study Description


del Castillo , Richard Griswold. Mexican-American Families in Los Angeles, 1844-1880. ICPSR07582-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-10-13. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07582.v2

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census data, demographic characteristics, family history, family relationships, genealogy, Hispanic or Latino Americans, historical periods, household composition, literacy, Mexican Americans, occupational mobility, property, social change, social history, urban population

Geographic Coverage:   California, Los Angeles, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1844--1880

Universe:   Spanish-surnamed and Mexican-born families in the city of Los Angeles from 1844-1880.

Data Types:   aggregate data, census/enumeration data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

In Part 1, the family data are organized in five subfiles according to the census year. In 1844 there are 231 cases, in 1850 there are 220 cases, in 1860 there are 530 cases, in 1870 there are 545 cases, and in 1880 there are 521 cases.

In Part 2, the data are arranged into five subfiles according to the year of the census. In order, the subfiles are: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1844.


Data Source:

Mexican and United States censuses for the City of Los Angeles in 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1844

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2010-06-29 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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