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Principal Investigator(s): Russett, Bruce M.; Hanson, Elizabeth C.
This study explored perspectives and sources of opinions about United States foreign policy among American business and military elites. The data collection includes information obtained from surveys of military and business elites, as well as content analysis of articles on American intervention abroad published in business and military journals. Military officers (Part 1) and senior business executives (Part 2) were asked about causes of war, prospects for peace, the most serious domestic and international problems faced by the United States, and possible solutions to these problems. Respondents' views on military and economic aid, defense spending, maintaining troops overseas, and the presence of ground troops in Vietnam were also assessed. Of the survey variables, 62 are common to the military and business officials. A limited number of separate questions were also asked of each individual group. Part 3 contains variables coded from content analysis of articles published in military and business journals, focusing on the authors' attitudes toward various acts of political, diplomatic, or military intervention as well as economic sanctions. Also explored were the apparent reasons for such attitudes, whether economic, strategic, or ideological. The study sought to identify patterns of media responses that might account for the formation of, or changes in, opinions among business or military circles.
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Russett, Bruce M., and Elizabeth C. Hanson. FOREIGN AFFAIRS PERSPECTIVES OF UNITED STATES BUSINESS AND MILITARY ELITES, 1973. Conducted by Bruce M. Russett and Elizabeth C. Hanson, Yale University. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1977. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07491.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07491.v1
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: armed forces, business elites, Cold War, communist threat, defense policy, domestic policy, economic aid, foreign affairs, foreign aid, foreign policy, international conflict, international relations, intervention, media coverage, military intervention, military officers, military operations, military strategies, peace, political attitudes, social conflict, Vietnam War, war
Universe: United States military and business elites, and American military and business journals.
Data Types: survey data, and event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Sample: Executive vice-presidents of major United States corporations and military officers attending the five war colleges in April 1973 were selected for the survey. Data were also collected from five business journals and 16 military journals. Details on sampling procedures and the basis for journal selection are given in INTEREST AND IDEOLOGY: THE FOREIGN POLICY BELIEFS OF AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN (see Related Publications).
survey data: self-enumerated questionnaires, event/transaction data: BUSINESS WEEK, WALL STREET JOURNAL, KIPLINGER WASHINGTON LETTER, FORTUNE, BARRONS, ARMY DIGEST, AIR FORCE AND SPACE DIGEST, AIR UNIVERSITY QUARTERLY REVIEW, ARMOR, ARMY, NAVY AND AIR FORCE JOURNAL AND REGISTER, ARMY, MARINE CORPS GAZETTE, MILITARY REVIEW, PROCEEDINGS OF THE U.S. NAVAL INSTITUTE, ORDINANCE, OFFICER, AIRMAN, NAVY, FOR COMMANDERS: THIS CHANGING WORLD, NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW, ARMED FORCES MANAGEMENT
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-05-03
- 2006-01-18 File CB7491.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
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