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Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860 (ICPSR 7420)

Principal Investigator(s): Bateman, Fred; Foust, James D.


Demographic, occupational, and economic information for over 21,000 rural households in the northern United States in 1860 are presented in this dataset. The data were obtained from the manuscript agricultural and population schedules of the 1860 United States Census and are provided for all households in a single township from each of 102 randomly-selected counties in sixteen northern states. Variables in the dataset include farm values, livestock, and crop production figures for the households which owned or operated farms (over half the households sampled), as well as value of real and personal estate, color, sex, age, literacy, school attendance, occupation, place of birth, and parents' nationality of all individuals residing in the sampled townships.

Access Notes

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Study Description


Bateman, Fred, and James D. Foust. Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860. ICPSR07420-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1976. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07420.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07420.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (GS-27143)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    agriculture, biographical data, census data, economic behavior, households, property values, rural areas

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Universe:    956 counties in 20 northern states

Data Collection Notes:

This collection was archived by ICPSR to promote the use of social science data in undergraduate and graduate education through the sharing of faculty-submitted ICPSR data-based instructional materials developed for use in the classroom.

Instructional materials for use with these data may be found at AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860: [INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS] (ICPSR 3463)

Another version of this study, AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS OF 21,118 RURAL HOUSEHOLDS SELECTED FROM THE 1860 MANUSCRIPT CENSUSES (ICPSR 9117), is available in hierarchical format.


Sample:    A two-stage variable-cluster sample design was use. A random sample of 102 counties in sixteen northern states was drawn. From each of these counties one non-urban township was randomly selected. Census records from all households in the selected townships were included in the study.

Restrictions: At the request of the principal investigator, any publications that draw upon the sample must observe the copyright held by Professors Bateman and Foust.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-11

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