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European Communities Study, 1973 (ICPSR 7330)

Principal Investigator(s): Inglehart, Ronald, University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies; Rabier, Jacques-Rene, European Commission


A precursor to the Eurobarometer studies, this survey queried respondents on some of what would become standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present lives, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what their country's goals should be for the next ten years, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Additional questions focused on the respondents' knowledge of and opinions on the European Community (EC), including how well-informed they felt about the EC, what sources of information about the EC they used, whether their country had benefited from being an EC member, and the extent of their personal interest in EC matters. Another major focus of the surveys was on the respondents' satisfaction with various aspects of life and society, including satisfaction with their work, housing, leisure time, welfare programs, and life in general. Respondents' political attitudes were also assessed, e.g., political party preference, political participation, and which goals they felt were important for their country. Another series of questions focused on the European Community. Respondents were asked to name the countries that had recently joined the Common Market. They were also asked to rate the information they received from the news media along several dimensions. Other questions covered respondents' attitudes toward their countries' EC membership, e.g., whether it was good or bad and why, whether their own country or the European Community could better handle certain problems, and whether it was desirable to work toward a United Europe. Respondents were also asked which party they supported and to place themselves on a left-right ideological scale. Demographic information on religion, age, occupation, sex, marital status, education, size of community, income, and number of persons in household was also gathered. In addition to the survey itself, the ICPSR version of the study contains three constructed indices. Two of these indices place respondents along a materialist/postmaterialist values continuum and the other categorizes respondents' political ideology according to their party preferences. This study contains information gathered from samples of respondents aged 15 or older interviewed in each of the nine nations of the newly expanded European Community in September-October 1973. The same questionnaire was administered to a total of 13,484 respondents: 1,957 from Germany, 1,933 from Great Britain, 1,199 from Denmark, 1,909 from Italy, 2,227 from France, 1,266 from Belgium, 330 from Luxembourg, 1,199 from Ireland, and 1,464 from the Netherlands.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Inglehart, Ronald, and Jacques-Rene Rabier. European Communities Study, 1973. ICPSR07330-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-05-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07330.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07330.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • European Commission (NSF: SES 8208333)
  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    citizen attitudes, economic integration, European Economic Community, European Parliament, European unification, European Union, information sources, international cooperation, international organizations, interpersonal communication, knowledge (awareness), life satisfaction, media coverage, national interests, political affiliation, political attitudes, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, work attitudes

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands

Time Period:   

  • 1973-09--1973-10

Date of Collection:   

  • 1973-09--1973-10

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Citizens of the EC aged 15 and over residing in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The British questionnaire was used in constructing the codebook.

In the French sample, the rural population was underrepresented. In order to produce a sample more representative of the total French population, French rural cases have been duplicated (each appears twice) in this dataset. Their original identification numbers have been retained.


Sample:    The sampling designs were either multistage national probability samples (in Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands) or national stratified quota samples (in France, Germany, Great Britain [excluding Northern Ireland], Italy, Ireland, and Luxembourg).

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data are not weighted, however, there is one weight variable, V5 (DUTCH WEIGHT VARIABLE), that users may wish to use during analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-27

Version History:

  • 2015-05-01 The SPSS setup files were updated to conform to current standards. SAS and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a R data file, a tab-delimited data file, and a PDF codebook have been added to the collection.

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