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American Representation Study, 1958: Candidates (ICPSR 7226)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E.; Stokes, Donald E.


This dataset belongs to a three-part study on American representation conducted shortly before and after the 1958 congressional election (see also AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATE AND CONSTITUENT, PARTY [ICPSR 7292] and ICPSR AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATE AND CONSTITUENT, INCUMBENCY [7293]). This data collection concentrates on the candidates and includes interviews with 251 candidates -- both incumbents and their opponents -- from 146 districts. The questions were designed to elicit information on what the candidates considered to be the most important issues of the campaign, their views on these issues, and their perceptions of the positions of their constituents. The candidates were also asked what influenced them and what they felt influenced the outcome of the campaign. Derived measures calculate 85th Congress roll-call scores on social welfare, foreign involvement, and civil rights issues. Roll-call data and information on committee activities of the congressmen are also provided. The two combined candidate and constituent files (ICPSR 7292 and 7293) contain the same candidate information as this collection, but are structured around the district as the unit of analysis. Demographic information on candidates includes sex, race, year of birth, size of birthplace, highest graduate degree, prior occupations, public offices previously held, several indices of spatial mobility, religious preference, and ethnic background.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and Donald E. Stokes. AMERICAN REPRESENTATION STUDY, 1958: CANDIDATES. Conducted by University of Michigan, Survey Research Center. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 197?. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07226.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07226.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    campaign issues, campaign strategies, candidates, civil rights, communication, congressional candidates, congressional districts, congressional elections (US House), decision making, demographic characteristics, election districts, electoral behavior, foreign policy, government elites, legislators, national elections, perceptions, party membership, political affiliation, political elites, political ideologies, political issues, political partisanship, political perceptions, political representation, politicians, roll call data, social welfare, United States Congress, United States House of Representatives, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1958

Date of Collection:   

  • 1958-11--1959-03

Universe:    Incumbents to the 85th United States House of Representatives, their opponents, and any third candidates associated with the 1958 congressional elections.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

1) Sixty-five districts from self-representing primary statistical units (PSUs) and six from non-self-representing PSUs were weighted four times. The remaining 80 districts, all from non-self-representing PSUs, were weighted seven times. The weights produce a sample reflecting the distribution of congressmen and congressional candidates throughout the United States. The 251 respondents included in the present study were weighted to 1,364. 2)The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    The sample was drawn from the 187 districts partly or entirely included in the Survey Research Center's sampling frame for AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1958 (ICPSR 7215). From multiple stratification within self-representing and non-self-representing primary sampling units, a total of 151 districts and 285 candidates were selected for inclusion in this study. For a response rate of 88 percent, 251 individuals from 146 districts were actually interviewed and are included in the candidates file.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-29

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