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Principal Investigator(s): Cantril, Hadley
Of the 14 nations included in the original study, these data cover the following ten: Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, India, Israel, Nigeria, Panama, United States, West Germany, and Yugoslavia. (The data for Egypt, Japan, the Philippines, and Poland are not available through ICPSR.) In India and Israel the interviews were conducted in two waves, with different samples. Besides ascertaining the usual personal information, the study employed a "Self-Anchoring Striving Scale," an open-ended scale asking the respondent to define hopes and fears for self and the nation, to determine the two extremes of a self-defined spectrum on each of several variables. After these subjective ratings were obtained, the respondents indicated their perceptions of where they and their nations stood on a hypothetical ladder at three different points in time. Demographic variables include the respondents' age, gender, marital status, and level of education. For more information on the samples, coding, and the means of measurement, see the related publication listed below.
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Cantril, Hadley. PATTERN OF HUMAN CONCERNS DATA, 1957-1963. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1977. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07023.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07023.v1
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: expectations, fear, living conditions, national identity, nationalism, opinions, perceptions, political attitudes, public confidence, quality of life, social attitudes, standard of living
Universe: Adult population of Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, India, Israel, Nigeria, Panama, United States, West Germany and Yugoslavia.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) Because the original data format included some multiply punched variables, it is inappropriate to assume that the first response of a multiple response variable is more important than the rest: the current order of responses is an artifact of the technology used to record and recover them. It is even possible to have a missing data code followed by further substantive responses in some cases. (2) These data files were originally released separately, under ICPSR study numbers 7023-7031, 7085-7086, and 7258. They are now concatenated into one data collection as 7023. References in the codebooks to the old study numbers should be ignored. (3) The codebooks are also available together in one bound volume available upon request from ICPSR. 4) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Sample: Separate samples were drawn in each country. All samples were intended to be crossnational, except for the kibbutz sample in Israel. However, both India samples underrepresent females, and the sample from Cuba was drawn exclusively from urban areas. In addition, the samples from Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, India, Nigeria, Panama, and the United States were weighted to achieve the intended representation.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-06-27
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 13 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- Citations exports are provided above.
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