This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

International Studies of Values in Politics, 1966 (ICPSR 7006)

Principal Investigator(s): Jacob, Philip; Teune, Henry


The ICPSR version of this study includes samples of community leaders from three nations: the United States, India, and Yugoslavia. Respondents were selected from a total of 30 communities in each country. The study attempted a comparative examination of the impact of leaders' values on social change and development at the community level. The interviews yielded an Individual File for each nation (Parts 1-3). The variables in the Individual Files describe the leaders' social and occupational backgrounds and their views on community goals, as well as the problems facing local communities and possible solutions. The data also include several measures of the leaders' social and political values and aspirations. The Individual File for Yugoslavia (Part 3) does not include background variables, nor a series of open-ended questions probing more deeply into the above-mentioned topics, that are present in the other Individual Files. In addition, a community file was constructed for each nation (Parts 7-9), using aggregate data to describe social and economic conditions. Communities are also the units of analysis in the "activeness" files (Parts 4-6), which attempt an evaluation of the degree of social mobilization present in the communities -- a combination of government initiatives and citizen participation. Part 10, Yugoslavia, Economic Data, contains economic indicators released in 1962 and 1966 for the sampled Yugoslav communities. Finally, the study provides summary statistics computed for the attitudes and values of community leaders in all the nations sampled (Part 11, All, Scales Data).

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  India, Individual Data - Download All Files (14.049 MB)
DS2:  United States, Individual Data - Download All Files (14.006 MB)
DS3:  Yugoslavia, Individual Data - Download All Files (13.449 MB)
DS4:  India, Activeness Data - Download All Files (13.083 MB)
DS5:  United States, Activeness Data - Download All Files (13.099 MB)
DS6:  Yugoslavia, Activeness Data - Download All Files (13.08 MB)
DS7:  India, Community Data - Download All Files (13.116 MB)
DS8:  United States, Community Data - Download All Files (13.118 MB)
DS9:  Yugoslavia, Community Data - Download All Files (13.116 MB)
DS10:  Yugoslavia, Economic Data - Download All Files (13.08 MB)
DS11:  All, Scales Data - Download All Files (13.848 MB)

Study Description


Jacob, Philip, and Henry Teune. International Studies of Values in Politics, 1966. ICPSR07006-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1978. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07006.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07006.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Agency for International Development
  • United States Department of State. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA: SCC-40302, SCC-40479, SCC-40218)
  • National Science Foundation
  • Robert L. McNeil Foundation
  • Rockefeller Foundation
  • Johnson Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    cities, communities, community decision making, community development, community elites, leadership, political attitudes, political perceptions, urban areas

Geographic Coverage:    Global, India, United States, Yugoslavia

Time Period:   

  • 1966

Date of Collection:   

  • 1966

Universe:    Formal community leaders and local communities in the United States, India, and Yugoslavia.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Part 11 (All, Scales Data) contains up to four records per case.


Sample:    The specific units of local government were identified based on political system criteria: cities in the United States, communes in Yugoslavia, and blocks in India were thus selected as being located at approximately the same level in the respective political system hierarchies and having the power to make essentially the same types of decisions in all three countries. They were then stratified on the basis of their economic level, so that the sample reflected major differences in affluence or poverty. The leaders were chosen from three major types of decision-making roles: elected officials, appointed officials, and organizational leaders, especially leaders of local political party organizations.

Data Source:

personal interviews, central and local documentary sources (censuses, official reports, etc.)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics