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Comparison of Risk Attitudes and Perceptions in Japan and the United States, 1993 (ICPSR 6952)

Principal Investigator(s): Slovic, Paul


This survey, which queried respondents from Tokyo, Japan, and Eugene, Oregon, was designed to assess multiple aspects of health-risk perception. Respondents were asked to rate the health risk to themselves and their families, and to individuals from their country, from various external sources (power plants, power lines, AIDS, street drugs, nuclear waste). Questions were also asked of respondents regarding perceived health risk from natural sources (storms and floods), environmental sources (air quality, climate change, ozone level, pollution), and other sources (smoking, stress, x-rays). Other items focused on the importance of key problems facing society today, such as decline in moral values, lack of national leadership, economic troubles, and environmental problems. In addition, respondents were asked for their level of agreement with statements concerning environmental health problems, health risks, and the need for nuclear power and alternative power sources, as well as general statements regarding attitudes and philosophies about technology, politics, economics, and other issues. Demographic questions including age, gender, education level, area of study, and personality traits were also asked.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  United States (Oregon) Data - Download All Files (0.288 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Japan Data - Download All Files (0.299 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Slovic, Paul. Comparison of Risk Attitudes and Perceptions in Japan and the United States, 1993. ICPSR06952-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-07-20. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06952.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06952.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (8901836)

Scope of Study

Time Period:   

  • 1993

Date of Collection:   

  • 1993-01--1993-02

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Sample:    Available subjects, mostly university students.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1997-10-08

Version History:

  • 2009-07-20 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.

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