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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1993-1994: Reports on Financial Activity (RFA) Data (ICPSR 6946)

Principal Investigator(s): Federal Election Commission


These data offer information on the campaigns of all individuals who registered under the Federal Election Campaign Act as candidates in the 1993 or 1994 elections for the United States Senate or House of Representatives. Also included are some individuals who were certified by the appropriate state authorities as official Senate or House candidates in a 1993 or 1994 primary, runoff, or general election but who had not registered with the Federal Election Commission. Information is provided on the filer's gross receipts, disbursements, debts, and cash on hand. Information on particular party and nonparty committee support of candidates is included as well. The congressional campaign data contain variables on candidate's name, incumbency status, party affiliation, receipts, disbursements, contributions from the candidate, loans, debts, aggregate contributions by amount and source, and independent expenditures for and against the candidate. The party and nonparty political committee data contain summary information for committees including the committee name, special interest group classification, receipts, cash and in-kind contributions, and total expenditures for or against House and Senate candidates.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  House and Senate Spread Data - Download All Files (1.017 MB)
DS2:  Party Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (0.284 MB)
DS3:  Party Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (0.366 MB)
DS4:  Nonparty Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (2.146 MB)
DS5:  Nonparty Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (15.565 MB)

Study Description


Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1993-1994: REPORTS ON FINANCIAL ACTIVITY (RFA) DATA. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1996. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06946.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06946.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1993--1994

Date of Collection:   

  • 1994

Universe:    All campaigns and political party committees associated with United States congressional elections in 1993-1994.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The last two variables in Part 4, Nonparty Committee Spread Data -- Non-Federal Transfers (457-466) and Non-Federal Expenditures (467-476) -- are missing. The logical record length of the file is 456, not 476 as stated in the codebook. The file will be replaced when the Federal Election Commission fixes the file. (2) The House and Senate Crosstabs Data file, provided in previous years, is not part of this collection. (3) The codebooks are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Data Source:

official candidate and political party committee financial reports filed with the Federal Election Commission


Original ICPSR Release:   1998-10-05

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB6946.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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