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American Citizen Participation Study, 1990 (ICPSR 6635)

Principal Investigator(s):


This study was designed to examine political and nonpolitical civic participation in the United States. Respondents were asked to comment on various topics, including their interest in politics and their party identification, voting status, and activity in community politics. In addition, respondents were asked about their campaign activities, including the kind of work they had done, and how much money and time they had contributed to campaigns for various elections. Respondents also provided information about their own personal experiences with government programs, as well as their opinions on national and social problems in the United States and why people in the United States aren't more active in politics. Demographic variables measured in this study include respondent's educational background, occupation, church activity and religious affiliation, race and ethnicity, age, gender, and union membership.

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Study Description


Verba, Sidney, Kay Lehman Schlozman, Henry E. Brady, and Norman Nie. American Citizen Participation Study, 1990. ICPSR06635-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06635.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • Spencer Foundation
  • Ford Foundation
  • National Science Foundation
  • Hewlett Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   campaign contributions, citizen attitudes, citizen participation, political activism, political affiliation, political campaigns, political interest, political participation, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1990-03--1990-07

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990-03--1990-07

Universe:   Adults 18 years and older in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data


Sample:   Clustered and stratified probability sample.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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