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American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1994 (ICPSR 6561)

Principal Investigator(s):


This study is part of a quadrennial series designed to investigate the opinions and attitudes of the general public and a select group of opinion leaders (or elites) on matters relating to foreign policy and to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision-makers must operate. Both general public and elite respondents were questioned regarding the biggest problems facing the United States today, spending levels for various federal government programs, the role of Congress in determining foreign policy, the impact of foreign policy on things such as prices and unemployment, and the Clinton Administration's handling of various problems, such as overall foreign policy, overall trade policy, immigration, and relations with Latin America, Japan, Russia, Cuba, Vietnam, and the Middle East. Other topics include government reactions to situations in Bosnia, North Korea, Haiti, Cuba, Rwanda, and the Middle East, the importance of various countries to America's vital interests, possible threats/adversaries to the United States in coming years, NATO and keeping troops in Western Europe, the military role of Japan and Germany, the economic unification of western Europe, the Israeli-Palestinian dispute, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and the illegal drug problem. In addition, the elites were asked several questions about their political party affiliation and the strength of that affiliation. Demographic characteristics such as religious preference, marital status, employment status, household composition, education, age, Hispanic origin, race, sex, and income were gathered for the general population respondents only.

Series: American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Elite Data - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS2:  General Population Data - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Chicago Council on Foreign Relations. AMERICAN PUBLIC OPINION AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, 1994. ICPSR version. Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Organization [producer], 1995. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-12-03. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06561.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   Arab Israeli conflict, European unification, foreign affairs, foreign aid, foreign policy, government spending, immigration policy, international relations, leadership, military intervention, NAFTA, national elites, national interests, policy making, public approval, public opinion, trade policy

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1994

Universe:   Part 1: All people in positions of leadership in government, academia, business and labor, the media, religious institutions, special interest groups, and private foreign policy organizations. Part 2: Adults, aged 18 years and older, living in the United States, except those persons in institutions such as prisons or hospitals.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Part 2, General Population Data, contains a weight variable that should be used for all analyses.


Sample:   Part 1: Census of all opinion leaders defined by the universe. Part 2: National probability sample stratified by size of community and then by geographic region.

Data Source:

personal and telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2007-12-03 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added to this data collection.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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