National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): United States Sentencing Commission
This collection contains appellate information from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States. The United States Sentencing Commission compiled from the Clerk of the Court of each court of appeals the final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, in all criminal appeals for the time period surveyed. The Commission also collected habeas corpus decisions (although technically civil matters), because such cases often involve sentencing issues. Both the "case" and the "defendant" are used in this collection as units of analysis. Each "case" comprises individual records representing all codefendants participating in a consolidated appeal. Each defendant's record comprises the sentencing-related issues corresponding to that particular defendant. The 1993 data file (Part 1) includes all appeals cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission as of December 22, 1993, that had disposition dates between March 9, 1990, and September 30, 1993 (inclusive). The 1994 file (Part 2) includes all appeals cases received as of December 23, 1994, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1993, and September 30, 1994 (inclusive). The 1995 data file (Part 6) includes all appeals cases received as of December 26, 1995, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1994, and September 30, 1995 (inclusive). The 1996 data file (Part 7) includes all appeals cases received as of December 27, 1996, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1995, and September 30, 1996 (inclusive). The 1997 data file (Part 8) includes all appeals cases received as of December 27, 1997, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1996, and September 30, 1997 (inclusive). The 1998 data file (Part 9) includes all appeals cases received as of December 27, 1997, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1997, and September 30, 1998 (inclusive).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.
Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
United States Sentencing Commission. Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data, 1993-1998 . ICPSR06559-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004-11-05. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06559.v4
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06559.v4
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: All appeals cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission.
Data Types: event/transaction data
final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, and habeas corpus decisions from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1996-03-06
- 2011-04-22 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 1999-12-14 Part 9, 1998 Data, has been added to this collection, along with a corresponding PDF codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements.
- 1999-11-10 Part 8, 1997 Data, has been added to this collection, along with a corresponding PDF codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements.
- Citations exports are provided above.
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