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Life-Integrity Violation Analysis and Democracy in 145 Countries and Regions, 1980-1987 (ICPSR 6515)

Principal Investigator(s): Fein, Helen


These data were collected to assess the level of life-integrity rights in various countries and regions of the world. The concept of life integrity is based on six related claims: the right to life, the right to bodily inviolability, the right to security from arbitrary punishment, seizure, and detention, the right to own one's body and labor, the right to free movement without discrimination, and the right to marry and form a family. Information was obtained for 145 countries and occupied regions by using the Life-Integrity Violation Analysis (LIVA) form. Scores were then assigned for each country with respect to life-integrity violation, economic development, and ethnic discrimination. The study also assessed the status of political rights, civil liberties, and individual freedom. Other variables pertain to the proportion of national income that went to the top quintile, the GINI coefficient for income, and whether the area was an occupied territory or was in the midst of an internal war.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Data File - Download All Files (3.007 MB)
DS2:  SAS Data Definition Statements - Download All Files (0.008 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   

Study Description


Fein, Helen. Life-Integrity Violation Analysis and Democracy in 145 Countries and Regions, 1980-1987. ICPSR06515-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06515.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06515.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • American Sociological Association. Small Grants Program

Scope of Study

Geographic Coverage:    Global

Time Period:   

  • 1980--1987

Date of Collection:   

  • 1988--1992

Universe:    All recognized countries and territories.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data


Sample:    Countries and occupied territories for which data were available from Amnesty International (AI) for 1980-1987 and in which AI had sections and groups.

Data Source:

(1) AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL 1988 REPORT, (2) two papers written by the principal investigator, included in the documentation, and (3) various other sources listed in the documentation

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: Users are asked to send copies of articles based on the data to Helen Fein at the Institute for the Study of Genocide, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY.


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-08-16

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