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Principal Investigator(s): Laumann, Edward O.; Knoke, David
This collection focuses on national policy formation in the health and energy domains during the 1970s in the United States. It investigates the role of consequential organizational actors, both public and private, who contributed to the national debate and influenced decision-making in these domains. Organizations participating in this survey included congressional committees and subcommittees, federal agencies, associations of state and local governments, research units, labor unions, trade associations, professional societies, corporations, and public interest groups. The principal investigators interviewed individuals who had responsibility for managing the efforts of their organization in attempting to influence national policy-making. Respondents were asked to evaluate the role of their organization in 85 specific events related to energy policy and 85 events related to health policy over the decade of the 1970s. These events revolved around national health areas such as biomedical issues (e.g., NIH funding, DNA research, human experimentation, targeted-disease funding), manpower issues (nurse training, physician training, foreign medical graduates, third-year medical school transfers), the organization and delivery of care (cost containment, HMOs, health planning, community health services, rural health care, Professional Standards Review Organizations), and drug regulation (saccharin, new drug development, generic equivalents of brand-name drugs, safety brochure inserts, cyclamates). The energy domain included events in the following areas: energy research issues (geothermal energy, electric-powered automobiles, breeder reactors, nuclear wastes), energy industry development issues (Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline, uranium enrichment, synthetic fuels, oil from shale rock), energy regulatory issues (price controls on domestic oil and natural gas, nuclear accident insurance, National Energy Plan, natural gas deregulation, Three Mile Island, nuclear power plant construction), and energy consumption issues (55-mile-per-hour speed limit, energy taxes, air pollution standards, automobile fuel efficiency standards). Respondents were queried about the main activities and functions of their organizations, areas of interest in national policy-making, interactions with other organizations, and levels of knowledge and involvement in the formulation of such policies.
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Laumann, Edward O., and David Knoke. NATIONAL POLICY DOMAINS OF HEALTH AND ENERGY, 1971-1990. 2nd ICPSR version. Chicago, IL: Bernard J. McMullan and David Prensky [producers], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06405.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06405.v2
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SES-8015529)
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Universe: All organizations attempting to influence policy-making in the health and energy domains in the United States.
Data Types: survey data, and event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
The first line in Parts 1-8 provides a list of variable names. These names appear in the same order as they appear in the actual data records that follow. The first two lines of Parts 9-42 contain organizational identification codes (the first line includes respondent codes and the second line contains target codes) for the records that follow. Actual data values for all files are presented in list format, separated by a single blank space.
Sample: The target groups were organizations of various types, including business firms, professional organizations, trade associations, public interest groups, and unions who were mentioned five or more times in any of the following sources: news stories about national policy-making in the health and energy domains (as abstracted by the NEW YORK TIMES Information Bank), an appearance as a witness in a congressional hearing related to these two domains between 1977 and 1980, the filing of an amicus curiae brief in appellate judicial decisions related to health or energy issues between 1977 and 1980, and registration as a lobbyist in the Congress between these same years.
Original ICPSR Release: 1996-02-26
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 44 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 43 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- 1997-12-12 Part 18, Respondent Organization Sources of Technical/Scientific Information--Energy (C3.ENG), which contained corrupted data in lines 190-194, has been replaced.
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