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Initiation of Militarized Disputes Among Great Power Rivals, 1816-1975 (ICPSR 6356)
Principal Investigator(s): Huth, Paul D.; Bennett, D. Scott; Gelpi, Christopher
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between system structure and the initiation of militarized disputes among "Great Power" rivals from 1816 to 1975. The Great Powers during this time period are identified as Great Britain, France, Russia/Soviet Union, Austria-Hungary, Prussia/Germany, Italy, the United States, Japan, and China. In a Great Power rivalry, there are periodic military and diplomatic challenges to the status quo disputed by one or both of the powers. The central hypothesis of this study concerns the interaction between system uncertainty and the risk propensity of national decision-makers. Variables measure dispute initiation, system uncertainty, risk propensity, balance of military capabilities, arms races, preventive motive, power transition, rival's possession of second-strike nuclear capability, rival's past behavior, and current dispute involvement of challenger and rival. Risk attitudes are measured using Kahneman and Tversky Prospect Theory findings. Part 2, Initiation Variables Data, contains the complete set of variables, and Part 1, Initiation Final Equation Data, is a subset of Part 2.
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Huth, Paul, D. Scott Bennett, and Christopher Gelpi. INITIATION OF MILITARIZED DISPUTES AMONG GREAT POWER RIVALS, 1816-1975. ICPSR06356-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Paul Huth, D. Scott Bennett, and Christopher Gelpi, University of Michigan [producer], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06356.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06356.v1
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SES 9023067)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: aggression, arms race, diplomacy, international conflict, international politics, militarism, military strength, political change, political leaders, power structures, world politics
Geographic Coverage: Global
Date of Collection:
Data Types: aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
Data for this study were extracted in part from CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010). For a more detailed description of the current dataset, users may consult the related literature. UNIVERSE = Militarized disputes involving Great Powers of 1816-1975.
CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010)
Original ICPSR Release: 1995-03-16
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
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