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Initiation of Militarized Disputes Among Great Power Rivals, 1816-1975 (ICPSR 6356) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between system structure and the initiation of militarized disputes among "Great Power" rivals from 1816 to 1975. The Great Powers during this time period are identified as Great Britain, France, Russia/Soviet Union, Austria-Hungary, Prussia/Germany, Italy, the United States, Japan, and China. In a Great Power rivalry, there are periodic military and diplomatic challenges to the status quo disputed by one or both of the powers. The central hypothesis of this study concerns the interaction between system uncertainty and the risk propensity of national decision-makers. Variables measure dispute initiation, system uncertainty, risk propensity, balance of military capabilities, arms races, preventive motive, power transition, rival's possession of second-strike nuclear capability, rival's past behavior, and current dispute involvement of challenger and rival. Risk attitudes are measured using Kahneman and Tversky Prospect Theory findings. Part 2, Initiation Variables Data, contains the complete set of variables, and Part 1, Initiation Final Equation Data, is a subset of Part 2.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download the data.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Initiation Final Equation Data - Download All Files (132 KB)
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS2:  Initiation Variables Data - Download All Files (53 KB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS3:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Initiation Final Equation Data - Download All Files (105 KB)
Data:
DS4:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Initiation Variables Data - Download All Files (922 KB)
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS5:  SPSS Export File for Initiation Final Equation Data - Download All Files (87 KB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS6:  SPSS Export File for Initiation Variables Data - Download All Files (706 KB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Huth, Paul, D. Scott Bennett, and Christopher Gelpi. INITIATION OF MILITARIZED DISPUTES AMONG GREAT POWER RIVALS, 1816-1975. ICPSR06356-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Paul Huth, D. Scott Bennett, and Christopher Gelpi, University of Michigan [producer], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06356.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES 9023067)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   aggression, arms race, diplomacy, international conflict, international politics, militarism, military strength, political change, political leaders, power structures, world politics

Geographic Coverage:   Global

Time Period:  

  • 1816--1975

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990--1991

Data Types:   aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

Data for this study were extracted in part from CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010). For a more detailed description of the current dataset, users may consult the related literature. UNIVERSE = Militarized disputes involving Great Powers of 1816-1975.

Methodology

Data Source:

CORRELATES OF WAR PROJECT: INTERNATIONAL AND CIVIL WAR DATA, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905) and POLITY DATA: PERSISTENCE AND CHANGE IN POLITICAL SYSTEMS, 1800-1971 (ICPSR 5010)

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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