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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1991-1992: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data (ICPSR 6337)

Principal Investigator(s): Federal Election Commission


These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others required to file under the federal election laws for the 1991-1992 election cycle. The Candidate Master Data file (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, identification number of the principal campaign committee, office sought, and election year. The Committee Master Data file (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. Information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 3) contains one record for each type of contributor for each reporting period. Information included in this file covers the type and year of the report, the time period covered by the report, total contributions, net contributions, total contribution refunds, net operating expenditures, cash on hand, debts and obligations owed by and to the committee, contributions from individuals, and loans made or guaranteed by the candidate. The Itemized Individual Candidate Contribution File (Part 4) contains one record for each individual contributor during the 1991-1992 reporting period. Information provided covers the transaction type, amount, and date as well as contributor name, address, and occupation.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Candidate Master Data - Download All Files (9.689 MB)
DS2:  Committee Master Data - Download All Files (11.858 MB)
DS3:  Itemized PAC Contribution File - Download All Files (22.259 MB)
DS4:  Itemized Individual/Candidate Contribution File - Download All Files (140.519 MB)

Study Description


Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1991-1992: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) DATA. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06337.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06337.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1991--1992

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991--1992

Universe:    (1) All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). (2) All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. (3) All candidates and their committees, other political committees, and persons making independent expenditures.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

The FEC no longer supplies the Detailed Report File as part of the FOIA data. That file has been released separately as CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1991-1992: DETAILED REPORT FILE (ICPSR 6334).


Data Source:

self-enumerated forms


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-01-11

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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