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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1991-1992: Reports on Financial Activity (RFA) Data (ICPSR 6336)

Principal Investigator(s):


These data offer information on the campaigns of all individuals who registered under the Federal Election Campaign Act as candidates in the 1991 or 1992 elections for the United States Senate or House of Representatives. Also included are some individuals who were certified by the appropriate state authorities as official Senate or House candidates in a 1991 or 1992 primary, runoff, or general election but who had not registered with the Federal Election Commission. Information is provided on the filer's gross receipts, disbursements, debts, and cash on hand. Information on particular party and nonparty committee support of candidates is included as well. The congressional campaign data contain variables on candidate's name, incumbency status, party affiliation, receipts, disbursements, contributions from the candidate, loans, debts, aggregate contributions by amount and source, and independent expenditures for and against the candidate. The party and nonparty political committee data contain summary information for committees including the committee name, special interest group classification, receipts, cash and in-kind contributions, and total expenditures for or against House and Senate candidates.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  House and Senate Spread Data - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS2:  House and Senate Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (15.2 MB)
DS3:  Party Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
DS4:  Party Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
DS5:  Nonparty Committee Spread Data - Download All Files (2.4 MB)
DS6:  Nonparty Committee Crosstabs Data - Download All Files (16.2 MB)

Study Description


Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1991-1992: REPORTS ON FINANCIAL ACTIVITY (RFA) DATA. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06336.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1991--1992

Date of Collection:  

  • 1993

Universe:   All campaigns and political party committees associated with United States congressional elections in 1991 and 1992.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

For each of the three main types of data in this collection--House/Senate, party political committee, and nonparty political committee--there are two types of data files. The "spread" file contains one record for each campaign (House/Senate file) or committee (committee files). The "crosstabs" file contains one or more records per campaign or committee. For each candidate/filer or committee/candidate combination, there is a separate record that summarizes information about contributions and expenditures for or against a candidate. Amendments submitted by candidates, filers, and party or nonparty political committees after November 29, 1993, are not included in these files.


Data Source:

official candidate and political party committee financial reports filed with the Federal Election Commission


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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