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Schools and Staffing Survey, 1990-1991: [United States] (ICPSR 6313)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection consists of four integrated surveys of public and private schools, administrators, and teachers in the United States. Part 1, the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey, presents information from schools and local education agencies on student enrollment, number of teachers, position vacancies, new hires, teacher salaries and incentives, and hiring and retirement policies. Part 3, the School Administrator Survey, includes information about training, experience, professional background, and job activities of school principals and headmasters. Questions in Part 5, the Teacher Survey, cover teacher education and training, teaching assignment, teaching experience, certification, teaching workload, perceptions and attitudes about teaching, job mobility, and workplace conditions. Part 7, the School Survey, provides data from elementary and secondary schools on student characteristics, staffing patterns, student-teacher ratios, enrollment by grade, types of programs and services offered, length of school day and school year, graduation and college application rates, and teacher turnover rates.

Series: Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey Data - Download All Files (43.1 MB)
DS2:  Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey SAS Transport File
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  School Administrator Survey Data - Download All Files (47.1 MB)
DS4:  School Administrator Survey SAS Transport File
No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  Teacher Survey Data - Download All Files (104.2 MB)
DS6:  Teacher Survey SAS Transport File
No downloadable data files available.
DS7:  School Survey Data - Download All Files (52.8 MB)
DS8:  School Survey SAS Transport File
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. SCHOOLS AND STAFFING SURVEY, 1990-1991: [UNITED STATES]. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06313.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   educational administrators, elementary education, private schools, public schools, secondary education, school enrollments, school personnel, teacher education, teacher shortages, teaching (occupation)

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1990--1991

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990--1991

Universe:   Public and private schools in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

In the 1990-1991 survey, American Indian/Alaska Natives and Asian/Pacific Islanders as well as bilingual and new teachers were oversampled.


Sample:   Stratified sample. The SASS system of surveys used a set of linked samples. First, a sample of public and private schools was selected. The same sample was used for the School Administrator Survey. Each public school district that administers one or more of the sample schools in the public sector became part of the sample for the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey. For each sample school, a list of teachers was obtained and a sample was selected for inclusion in the Teacher Survey.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone interviews

Restrictions: The data from the four samples are designed to be "linked," that is, teachers can be matched to administrators and to schools. However, the files released by ICPSR are public use files and cannot be linked in this way. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) will do limited linked-file runs for individual users. Contact them directly to explore this option. The restricted-use files are available only to researchers who sign a licensing agreement with National Center for Education Statistics.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB6313.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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