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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1978-1990: Longitudinal Political Action Committee (PAC) Data (ICPSR 6260)

Principal Investigator(s):


This collection provides a longitudinal summary compilation of political action committee (PAC) campaign contributions previously released under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). These data, made available by the Federal Election Commission, were taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by PACs, which are required to file such information under the federal election laws. This collection contains one record for each PAC and covers the years 1978-1990. Variables include total contributions made to incumbents and nonincumbents, Republicans and Democrats, House and Senate candidates, candidates running and candidates not running, and general election winners and losers.

Series: Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series

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Study Description


Federal Election Commission. CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1978-1990: LONGITUDINAL POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE (PAC) DATA. Washington, DC: Federal Election Commission [producer], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06260.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   candidates, campaign contributions, campaign expenditures, campaign finance law, campaign funds, congressional elections (US House), congressional elections (US Senate), legislators, political elites, political organizations, political parties, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1978--1990

Universe:   All political action committees that filed reports on their financial contributions to candidates during the period 1978-1990.

Data Types:   event/transaction data


Data Source:

self-enumerated forms


Original ICPSR Release:  

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