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National Organizations Survey (NOS), 1991 (ICPSR 6240)

Principal Investigator(s): Kalleberg, Arne L., University of North Carolina; Knoke, David, University of Minnesota; Marsden, Peter V., Harvard University; Spaeth, Joe L., University of Illinois


This study is a representative sample of United States work organizations, with data from informants about human resources policies and practices. Employed respondents in the 1991 General Social Survey gave identification and location information about their employers and the employers of working spouses. Each employee interviewed in person was matched to his or her employer, and an informant from the work establishment (either the personnel director or the chief executive officer) was interviewed by telephone or by mail questionnaire. Industry data from published government sources were merged with these data. Topics covered include employer staffing procedures, interval job ladders, promotion chains, job training programs, employee benefits and incentives, and structural characteristics of organizations.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
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Study Description


Kalleberg, Arne L., David Knoke, Peter V. Marsden, and Joe L. Spaeth. National Organizations Survey (NOS), 1991. ICPSR06240-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06240.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06240.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9022192)
  • United States Department of Labor

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    employee benefits, employers, human resources, job training, personnel policy, work environment, workers

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1988--1991

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991-04-18--1991-11-29

Universe:    All United States business establishments with one or more paid employees (including self-employed owners).

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Cross-sectional, implicit sample, proportional to size of establishment (determined by the number of employees).

Data Source:

personal and telephone interviews, mail questionnaires, and secondary sources

Restrictions: County-level and ZIP-code-level data are not being released. These data are only available from the principal investigators with certain restrictions.


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-10-17

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB6240.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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